Beamish muzeyi

Beamish muzeyi


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Duram okrugidagi Beamish shahridagi jonli va ajoyib ochiq muzey so'nggi 200 yil ichida shimoliy Angliyaning madaniy va sanoat an'analarini hayotga tatbiq etadi. Uning rekonstruksiya qilingan ko'chalari, do'konlari va landshaftlari tashrif buyuruvchilarga Buyuk Britaniyaning eng muhim zamonaviy davrlarida, boshqa hech qachon bo'lmagan tarixiy jismonan o'tishga imkon beradi.

Beamish muzeyi tarixi

Ochiq osmon ostidagi viloyat muzeyini yaratish g'oyasi, birinchi navbatda, Bowes muzeyining o'sha paytdagi direktori Frank Atkinson tomonidan Shimoliy Sharqning sanoat va madaniy an'analari tezda yo'q bo'lib ketayotganini anglab yetgan. Skandinaviya xalq muzeylaridan ilhomlanib, u shimoldagi kundalik hayotni aks ettiruvchi muzey tashkil qilishga harakat qildi va "tanlovsiz" asosda narsalarni yig'a boshladi - "siz uni bizga taklif qilasiz, biz uni yig'amiz".

Ko'p o'tmay, unga hadya qilingan buyumlar juda ko'p edi va 1966 yilda Beamish Hall muzeyning birinchi joyi sifatida tanlandi, u erda 1971 yilda "Muzeydagi muzey" tanishuv ko'rgazmasi ochildi. 1972 yildan boshlab muzey hozirgi vaqtda ochildi. birinchi ko'chirilgan binolari bo'lgan sayt, temir yo'l stantsiyasi keyingi yili paydo bo'ladi.

Keyingi 50 yil mobaynida Beamish muzeyi Gruziya landshaftini, 1900 -yillar shaharchasini, Pit qishlog'ini va Collieryni va 1940 -yillarning fermasini o'z ichiga olgan holda kengaytirildi.

Bugungi kunda Beamish muzeyi

Beamish majmuasida kashf qilinadigan ko'plab joylar mavjud. Muzey sanoat inqilobi paytida Angliya shimolidagi hayot qanday o'zgarganini kuzatib boradi va Gruziya, Viktoriya va Edvardiya davrlarida bu mintaqa qanday o'zgarganiga e'tibor qaratadi.

Uning "tirik muzey" maqomi tashrif buyuruvchilarga atrofdagi tarix bilan chindan ham shug'ullanish imkonini beradi, chunki ular rekonstruksiya qilingan binolar va ko'chalarda, pablardan maktab binolarigacha, 1900 yillarning haqiqiy kollejigacha aylanib yurishadi! 1940 -yillarning an'anaviy fermasidagi foydali nonvoyxonalarni sinab ko'rmaysizmi, chunki siz Ikkinchi Jahon urushi paytida oilalar qanday yashaganini yoki ajoyib tarzda tiklangan asl tramvaylarda sayr qilib, 1820 -yillardagi hayotni tasvirlaydigan Gruziya landshaftiga yo'l olmaysiz. Pit -kottejlar, shuningdek, Buyuk Britaniyaning eng mashaqqatli sohalaridan birida hayotning haqiqiy tasvirini beradi, uning umumiy nonvoyxonalari va pitonli otxonalari atrofida o'sgan samimiy jamoalarni eslatadi.

Doimiy eksponatlar bilan bir qatorda, Beamish -da mavsumiy tadbirlar ham bor, bug 'yarmarkasidan elektr transport ko'rgazmasigacha bo'lgan maxsus tadbirlar yil davomida o'tkaziladi. Tarixni ko'plab o'yin -kulgilar bilan aralashtirib, Beamish - butun oila uchun ajoyib dam olish kuni.

Beamish muzeyiga borish

Beamish muzeyi Durham okrugida, A693 -dan kichik yo'lda joylashgan. Bu erga bir nechta avtobuslar bor, ularning eng yaqin bekati to'g'ridan-to'g'ri Bosh kirish binosi tashqarisida, eng yaqin temir yo'l vokzali-Chester-le-ko'chasi, bu erga avtobus bilan 15-20 daqiqalik yo'l.


Beamish yangi bosh direktorni e'lon qiladi

Rayan Xon Xayms Duram okrugidagi Beamish: Shimoliy tirik muzeyi bosh direktori etib tayinlandi.

U 26 yildan buyon muzeyda ishlaydi, 1996 yilda namoyishchi va ta'lim yordamchisi sifatida ishlaydi, olti yil oldin direktor o'rinbosari lavozimiga o'tadi.

Xiles muzeyni avvalgi bosh direktori Richard Evans 2020 yil may oyida noma'lum sabablarga ko'ra iste'foga chiqqanidan beri boshqarib kelmoqda. Bunga qadar, u muzey tomonidan intizomiy sud muhokamasi yakuniga qadar to'xtatilgan edi, chunki tashvishlar Durham okrug kengashining muassasa moliyaviy tekshiruvi o'tkazishiga sabab bo'lgan.

"Moliyaviy muammolar bilan bog'liq jiddiy voqea" deb ta'riflangan masala Xayriya komissiyasi va politsiya tomonidan tekshirilgan.

Beamish 17 may kuni hukumatning Covid yo'l xaritasining 3 -bosqichi doirasida tashrif buyuruvchilar uchun qayta ochildi. U o'z daromadining 95 foizini tashrif buyuruvchilarga tayanadi.

Direktor o'rinbosari sifatida Xiles 1950 -yillar shaharchasi, 1950 -yillardagi fermer xo'jaligi va 1820 -yillarning landshaftini, shu jumladan bir kechalik turar joyni o'z ichiga olgan 20 million funtlik Remaking Beamish loyihasini qayta ishga tushirdi. Fevral oyida loyiha hukumatning 1.57 milliard funtlik madaniyatni tiklash fondidan qo'shimcha 975.500 funt sterling oldi.

"Beamish kompaniyasining bosh direktori vazifasini bajarganimdan juda xursandman", dedi Xiles. "Men shimoli -sharqda tarbiyalanganman va mintaqa merosi bilan faxrlanaman. Men Beamishning odamlar hayotida, bizning hamjamiyatlar va milliy va xalqaro miqyosda erishgan roliga qiziqaman.

"Bizning xalqimiz Beishning yuragi va men muzey xodimlari, ko'ngillilar, manfaatdor tomonlar va sheriklar bilan ishlashni orziqib kutaman. Beamish -ni keyingi bosqichga va yanada porloq kelajak sari etayotganimdan xursandman va xursandman. ”

Beishning vasiylik kengashida o'tirgan maslahatchi Jon-Pol Stivenson shunday dedi: "Kengash bosh direktor lavozimini tayinlashga qat'iy qaror qildi va tanlangan bosh ovchi Saxton Bampfild yordamida keng ko'lamli tadbir o'tkazdi. -milliy va xalqaro miqyosda qidiruvni to'xtatish.

"Kuchli va xilma-xil nomzodlar maydoni bor edi va ikki bosqichli jarayondan so'ng, shu jumladan tashqi manfaatdor tomonlar, boshqaruv kengashi Beamishni kelajakka olib boradigan to'g'ri odam direktorning o'rinbosari Rayan Xon Xiles degan xulosaga keldi."

Xiles arxitektura dizayn tarixi bo'yicha ma'lumotga ega va Nyukasl universitetining muzeyshunoslik magistri. U Saidd Business School Oksford Madaniyat Liderlari dasturida qatnashgan, Evropaning ochiq havo muzeylari assotsiatsiyasi kengashida va Muzeylar uyushmasining ustozi.


Beish bosh ijrochi direktorni tayinlaydi

Rayannon Beamish Vasiylik Kengashi tomonidan keng qamrovli ishga qabul qilish jarayonidan so'ng tayinlangan va muzeyning iqtidorli xodimlari va ko'ngillilari, strategik ishlab chiqish va operatsiyalar guruhiga rahbarlik qilib, darhol lavozimni egallaydi.

Riannon muzey direktorining o'rinbosari bo'lgan va muzeylar, meros va Shimoliy -Sharqqa bo'lgan katta ishtiyoq bilan birgalikda keng kuratorlik, tijorat, operatsion va rivojlanish tajribasiga ega.

Riannon shunday dedi: "Beamish kompaniyasining bosh direktori lavozimini egallaganimdan juda xursandman, men shimoliy -sharqda tarbiyalanganman va men mintaqaning merosi bilan faxrlanaman. Men Beamish odamlar hayotida, bizning hamjamiyatlarimizda va milliy va xalqaro miqyosda erishgan rolimga qiziqaman.

"Bizning xalqimiz Beishning yuragi va men muzey xodimlari, ko'ngillilar, manfaatdor tomonlar va sheriklar bilan ishlashni orziqib kutaman. Beamish -ni keyingi bosqichga va yanada porloq kelajak sari etayotganimdan xursandman va xursandman. ”

Riannon COVID-19 pandemiyasi va muzeyning tiklanishi paytida Beamish-ni boshqargan, chunki u o'zining qiziqarli va innovatsion ishlanmalari bilan, shu jumladan 1950-yillar shaharchasi, 1950-yillar fermasi va 1820-yillar landshaftining kengayishini o'z ichiga olgan 20 million funtlik Remaking Beamish loyihasini ilgari surmoqda. bir kechada turar joy.

Madaniyat sohasida 29 yildan ortiq tajribaga ega va kuchli tajribaga ega bo'lgan Riannon xalqaro miqyosda tan olingan, mukofotga sazovor bo'lgan dastur va dasturlarni ishlab chiqish va amalga oshirish, keng ko'lamli tadbirlar va festivallarni joriy etish va yil davomida tashrif buyuruvchilar takliflarini yaratish borasida katta tajribaga ega. , 2019 yilda Beamish -ga 800,000 dan ortiq tashrif buyuruvchilar bilan yakunlandi.

Riannon muzeyning strategik rivojlanishiga rahbarlik qilmoqda, u hozirda muzeyning eng yirik kapitalini o'z ichiga oladi, Remaking Beamish va u COVID-19 ta'siri natijasida loyihani ko'rib chiqish va qayta ishga tushirishda muhim rol o'ynadi.

Milliy va xalqaro muzey hamkasblari bilan ish olib boradigan Riannon ochiq havoda va mustaqil muzey amaliyotida etakchi o'rinni egallaydi, fikr almashish, bilim va iste'dod va taraqqiyotni qo'llab -quvvatlashga qaratilgan.

Riannon sektor kengashlari va kengashlarida o'tiradi, maktab gubernatori, Muzeylar assotsiatsiyasi ustozi va mahalliy o'quv tresti direktori.

Beamish vasiylik kengashi a'zosi Cllr Jon-Pol Stivenson shunday dedi: "Kengash bosh direktor lavozimini tayinlashga qat'iy qaror qildi va tanlangan bosh ovchi Saxton Bampfild yordamida keng ko'lamli qidiruv o'tkazdi. milliy va xalqaro miqyosda. Kuchli va xilma-xil nomzodlar maydoni bor edi va ikki bosqichli jarayondan so'ng, shu jumladan tashqi manfaatdor tomonlar, boshqaruv kengashi Beamishni kelajakka olib boradigan to'g'ri odam hozirgi direktor o'rinbosari Rayan Xon Xiles degan xulosaga keldi.

"Riannonning arxitektura dizayn tarixidagi tajribasi va muzeyshunoslik bo'yicha magistrligi uning professional tajribasi, shu jumladan nufuzli Oksford madaniy rahbarlari dasturi, Evropaning ochiq havodagi muzeylar assotsiatsiyasi kengashiga tayinlanishi va muzeylarning faol a'zosi bo'lishi bilan mustahkamlandi. Uyushma, tashrif buyuruvchilarni jalb qilish assotsiatsiyasi, Milliy muzeylar direktorlari kengashi va Mustaqil muzeylar uyushmasi. U Beamish jamoasini pandemiya paytida muvaffaqiyatli boshqarib, o'zining katta tajribasidan, muzeyga bo'lgan ehtirosidan, xodimlar, ko'ngillilar va manfaatdor tomonlarning hurmatidan foydalangan.

"Muzey bizning mintaqamiz madaniyati va iqtisodiyotida katta rol o'ynaydi, shuning uchun boshqaruv kengashi shunday kuchli nomzodni tayinlaganidan xursand. Rayannonning vizyoni va namunali rahbarligi ostida, bizni oldinda juda yaxshi vaqtlar kutishi mumkin. "


Beamish stomatologiya haqida nima deydi

Biz Beamish ijtimoiy tarix saqlovchisi Rozi Nikolsdan 20-asr boshidagi stomatologiya va ayniqsa Beamishdagi ajoyib ko'rgazma haqida so'radik. Nasib qilsa, men oxirgi paytlarda 19 -asr oxiri va 20 -asr boshlarida stomatologiya va uyda stomatologiyaga oid tadqiqotlar olib boryapman, -deydi Rozi.

Stomatolog va#8217s laboratoriyasi, Ravensworth Terrace, Shimoliy Beamish muzeyi (Beamish muzeyidan olingan fotosurat)

U topgan bitta kitob - "sog'liqni saqlash, go'zallik va hojatxona" 1886 yildagi "shifokor ayol" kitobi.

Unda, deydi muallif "Aslida, tish, suyak, soch va terining rangi uchun bizning madaniyatli va hashamatli odatlarimizdan ko'ra yomonroq narsa yo'q, har kuni issiq ovqatni yutish ... amerikaliklar aynan eng issiq taomlarni iste'mol qiladigan va ularni muz bilan almashtiradigan odamlardir. sovuq ichimliklar. "

Rozining so'zlariga ko'ra, tish pastalari yo'q edi, lekin tish kukuni uchun preparatlar kimyogar do'konlarida mavjud edi va ba'zida uyda tayyorlanardi.

Tish namunasi – XIX asr oxiri – inson gagasi, tishlari va asablari, gumbazda. 1909 yilda Ashdan 3 £ – 6 – 0d ga sotib olindi. (Beamish muzeyi kollektsiyasining bir qismi)

"Shifokor shifokor" sovunga asoslangan tish protezidan foydalanmaslikni maslahat beradi, chunki ularning deyarli hammasi "tishlarini sarg'aytiradi" va u uy kukuni uchun quyidagi retseptni beradi:

  1. Areca yong'oqli ko'mir (5 untsiya)
  2. Qisqichbaqasimon suyak (2 untsiya)
  3. Xom areca yong'oqlari (1 untsiya) bir -biriga urildi

Areca yong'og'i, shuningdek, betel yong'og'i sifatida ham tanilgan, hali ham Janubi-Sharqiy Osiyoda chaynashadi va taniqli kanserogen hisoblanadi, shuningdek, ikkinchi turdagi qandli diabet va bepushtlik bilan bog'liq – va u tishlarni qizil rangga bo'yaydi!

Va nihoyat, bizning shifokorimiz tishlarni tozalash va saqlash uchun quyidagi suyuqlikni tayyorlashni tavsiya qiladi.

  1. Kamfora (½ draxm)
  2. Qum shakar (½ untsiya)
  3. Quruq oqartirilgan bodom (un untsiya)
  4. Xamirga aralashtiring, so'ngra yarim stakan suv quying, so'ngra butun zig'ir matodan tarang

Shunday qilib, portlovchi moddalarning tarkibiy qismi tishlarning parchalanishini rag'batlantiruvchi modda bilan aralashtiriladi va yong'oqning eng foydali xususiyatlari qoldirilganidan keyin qolgan qismi. Tish pastalari 100 yil ichida uzoq yo'lni bosib o'tdi.


Auchindrain, Argylll va Bute

Beishdagi kabi, Achindrayndagi ochiq osmon ostidagi muzeyni tashkil etadigan binolar ular qurilgan joylarida qolmoqda. 22 ta saqlanib qolgan oddiy binolarning tasodifiy tarqalishi asrlar davomida nisbatan oz o'zgargan landshaftda joylashgan. Qishloq 1700 yilda Shotlandiya tog'li hududlarida mavjud bo'lgan dehqonchilik shaharchalariga xos edi, lekin keyingi 200 yil ichida sodir bo'lgan Tog'li Tog'lar bu hayot tarzini buzdi. Bu Outlander mamlakati.

Auchindrain, Argyll va Bute Beamishdan farqli o'laroq, Auchindrain ochiq osmon ostidagi muzeyni tashkil etadigan binolar ular qurilgan joylarida qoladi. 22 ta saqlanib qolgan oddiy binolarning tasodifiy tarqalishi asrlar davomida nisbatan oz o'zgargan landshaftda joylashgan. Qishloq 1700 yilda Shotlandiya tog'li hududlarida mavjud bo'lgan dehqonchilik shaharchalariga xos edi, lekin keyingi 200 yil ichida sodir bo'lgan Tog'li Tog'lar bu hayot tarzini buzdi.

Auchindrain qo'zg'olondan deyarli omon qolgan yagona shaharcha edi. Bu Shotlandiya tarixining qiyin va mashaqqatli davrida odamlar qanday yashagan va ishlaganligi haqida tushuncha beradi. Erkin sayr qiling va hayvonlar qayerda o'tlayotganini va ekinlar etishtirilishini ko'ring. Uylar kundalik narsalar bilan jihozlangan, siz molxonalarda eski dehqonchilik asboblari va asboblarini topasiz. Siz ko'rgan narsalar oddiy odamlar hayotining kuchli tasvirini yaratadi.

Bu erda hech qanday sahnalashtirilgan va yaltiroq narsa yo'q, aksincha, ko'rgazmali ko'rgazmali ko'rgazmali ko'rgazmali ko'rgazmali materiallarni ko'rsatadigan reenaktorlardan iborat jamoalar, o'z tasavvuringiz bilan aholini va ularning qattiq payvandchiligini tasavvur qila olmaysiz. Auchindrain - bu uzoq vaqtdan beri o'tib borayotgan tog'li turmush tarziga oyna.
auchindrain.org.uk

Hududda? Inverary qamoqxonasiga tashrif buyuring, agar Ouchindrenning omadsiz aholisi qonunni buzsalar, qamoqqa olinar edi.


Beamish muzeyining transport kollektsiyasi

Vokzal hovlisida turli xil vagonlar namoyish etilmoqda. Doimiy ishlaydigan lokomotivlarning yo'qligi sababli bug'ning muntazam ishlashi 1995 yilda to'xtatildi. Yaqin atrofdagi Bowes temir yo'lidan Endryu Barclay lokomotivlari № 22 va W.S.T. so'nggi yillarda tashrif buyurishdi. Muzeyning qayta tiklangan Shimoliy -Sharqiy temir yo'l murabbiyi yaqin atrofdagi Tanfild temir yo'liga ko'chirildi, lekin u 2012 yilda restavratsiya va foydalanish uchun Beishga qaytdi.

Rezident lokomotivlarga NER sinf C1 yuk dvigateli kiradi 876 -son (Britaniya temir yo'llari klassi J21 № 65033), Geytsxedda 1889 yilda qurilgan. 1984 yildan beri ishlatilmay qolganidan keyin 2007 yilda tiklash uchun Shimoliy Norfolk temir yo'liga ko'chirilgan. Hozirda sindikat tuzilgan va o'z hissasini qo'shish uchun apellyatsiya qilingan. Muzey, shuningdek, ilgari Hawthorn Leslie sanoat dvigatelini boshqargan № 14.

2011 yil fevral oyida muzey Shimoliy Norfolk temir yo'lining uch yillik qarziga 1923 yilda ishlab chiqarilgan LNER Y7 sinfidagi 0-4-0T dvigatelini oldi. Dvigatel yozgi mavsumda hafta oxiri Rowley stantsiyasida yo'lovchilarga xizmat ko'rsatdi. Hozirda [ qachon? ] Severn vodiysi temir yo'lida tiklanish ostida 0-4-4T Dunrobin, Beamish 2010 yilda Rowley Station liniyasida foydalanish uchun sotib olgan. 2012 yilda Beamish shuningdek, 0-6-0 egar tankini sotib oldi Nyukasl tiklash rejalashtirilgan. Beamish Endryu Barklayda yollangan, 1908 yilgi vintage 1147-sonli asarlar, 0-4-0ST Jon Xau Ribble Steam Railway, Preston Docks-dan 2014-yilda dam olish kunlari va maktab ta'tillarida bug 'poyezdlarini boshqaradi. Keyingi yili 2015-yilda Avonside Works 1917 yil 1764-sonli vintage, 0-6-0ST No 34. Portberi Bristol -Harbor temir yo'lidan ijaraga olingan. 2017 yil davomida Endryu Barclay, 1897 yilgi 807-sonli vintage, 0-4-0ST Bon kelishuvi ishlatilgan va hozirda [ qachon? ] Peckett, 1915 yildagi 1370-sonli asarlar, 0-4-0ST May dam olish kunlari poezdlarni tashishda ishlatiladi.

Quruvchi Raqam va ism G'ildiraklarning joylashuvi Qurilish sanasi Hozirgi holat Rasm
Bosh Wrightson №1. 0-4-0 VBGT 1871 Operatsion
Bosh Wrightson № 17 0-4-0VB 1873 Ekranda
Stiven Levin № 18 0-4-0ST 1877 Operatsion
Qora, Hawthorn & amp Co. №1 2-4-0CT 1887 Qayta tiklanishni kutish
Sharp, Styuart va kompaniya 4085 raqami Dunrobin 0-4-4T 1895 Severn vodiysi temir yo'lida qayta tiklanmoqda
Janubiy Durham I & ampS Co. № 5 Yumshoq 0-4-0ST 1900 Statik displey
Manning Vardl № 1532 Nyukasl 0-6-0ST 1901 Qayta tiklanishni kutish
Robert Stivenson va Hawthorns 7006 raqami Roker 0-4-0CT 1940 Statik displey

Pockerley Waggonwayda foydalanish uchun muzeyda erta parovozlarning uchta nusxasi bor (1 -sonli lokomotiv), (Steam fil) va (Billini puflash), bularning hammasini bug'da pishirish mumkin (lekin odatda har qanday kunda faqat bittasi xizmat qiladi): [3] Original lokomotiv, 1850 -yillar Xetton Lion, Buyuk Sheddagi statik eksponat edi.

Ism G'ildiraklarning joylashuvi Asl qurilish sanasi Replika yaratish sanasi Asl quruvchi Asl operator Hozirgi holat Rasm
Billini puflash 0-4-0 1813 2006 Uilyam Xedli Wylam Colliery Operatsion
Steam fil 0-6-0 1814 2002 Uilyam Chepman Wallsend kollieri Ta'mirlash ostida
1 -sonli lokomotiv 0-4-0 1825 1975 Jorj Stivenson Stokton va Darlington temir yo'llari Ta'mirlash kutilmoqda
Xetton Lion 0-4-0 1851 Yo'q Yosh Hetton kollieri temir yo'li Statik displey, Milliy temir yo'l muzeyi Shildon

Billy tahrir puffing

Muzeyning nusxasi bor Billini puflash, 2006 yilda Alan Kif tomonidan qurilgan. [4]

Asl Billini puflash 1813/14 yilda qurilgan va dunyodagi eng qadimgi parovoz. Asl nusxa Uilyam Xedli tomonidan Wylam Colliery uchun ishlab chiqilgan bo'lib, u erda qariyb 50 yil ishlatilgan, Uylamdagi ko'mir xaldronli vagonlarni Lemington vagonlariga olib boradi. Aytishlaricha, bu nafas olish qiyinlishuvi tufayli uning yangi lokomotiviga o'xshagan egasidan kelib chiqqan. Bu birinchi tijorat bug 'lokomotivi bo'lib, haydovchi g'ildiraklar poezdni faqat ishqalanish orqali harakatlantirdi.

Dastlab ikkita g'ildirak o'qida to'rt g'ildirak bilan qurilgan, lokomotivning og'irligi sakkiz tonnani tashkil etib, u vagon vagonlarini quyib qo'ydi. U sakkizta g'ildirak bilan, to'rtta qo'zg'aysan o'qida qayta qurilgan, bu og'irlikni ko'proq g'ildiraklarga taqsimlashga imkon beradi. Dvigatel 1830 yilga kelib takomillashtirilgan temir yo'lni ishga tushirilganda, to'rt g'ildirakli konfiguratsiyaga qaytdi. Billini puflash 1862 yilgacha xizmatda qoldi va Londondagi fan muzeyida statik eksponat sifatida saqlanib qoldi. [3]

Steam Elephant tahrirlash

Muzey nusxasi Steam fil Alan Kif va Dorothea Restorations tomonidan 2001 yilda qurilgan.

Asl lokomotiv 1814/14 yilda qurilgan, garchi uning mavjudligi 1931 yilgacha ma'lum emas edi. Dastlab Jorj Stivenson tomonidan ishlab chiqilgan deb taxmin qilingan, muzey tomonidan olib borilgan tadqiqotlar shuni ko'rsatadiki, u aslida Jon Buddlning Wallsend kollieriyasida ishlatilgan. Uolsendda ishlatilgandan so'ng, u Vashingtonga, so'ngra Xetton kollejlariga ko'chib o'tdi, uning xizmatlari haqidagi yozuvlar 1840 -yillarda tugagan ko'rinadi. Replika zamonaviy suv va yog'li rasmlardan qurilgan, ular ham nomning manbai bo'lgan. [5] [6]

1 -sonli lokomotiv tahrirlash

1 -sonli lokomotiv Jorj Stivenson tomonidan ishlab chiqilgan va 1825 yilda Stokton va Darlington temir yo'llari uchun qurilgan original lokomotivning nusxasi bo'lib, u umumiy temir yo'l yo'lovchilarini tashish uchun birinchi parovozga aylandi. Beamish nusxasi 1975 yilda S & ampDR ning 150 yilligiga bag'ishlandi. Asl nusxa statik eksponat sifatida saqlanib qoladi va oxir-oqibat Milliy temir yo'l muzeyida saqlanadigan Milliy kollektsiyaning bir qismiga aylanadi va uni Steam boshlig'iga uzoq muddatli qarzga qo'yadi (S & ampDR marshrutidagi muzey). [6] [7] Bu lokomotiv hozirda ishlatilmayapti, chunki uning qozon sertifikati muddati tugagan.

Xetton Lion tahrir

Xetton Lion 1851/52 yillarda Xetton temir yo'llarida foydalanish uchun qurilgan, lekin u eski uslubda bo'lib, avvalroq qurilgan deb taxmin qilingan. Uni Young ismli kishi yaratgan deb taxmin qilinadi, uning avlodlaridan biri Dovud bug'li restavratsiya bilan shug'ullanuvchi Beamish ko'ngilli. Yigirmanchi asrga kelib, yog'och yig'ish zavodining statik dvigateli sifatida ishlatilganligi sababli, lokomotiv 1925 yilda Stokton va Darlington temir yo'llarining 100 yilligini nishonlash uchun London va Shimoliy -Sharqiy temir yo'llari tomonidan qayta ishga tushirildi. Milliy temir yo'l muzeyidagi kollektsiya statik eksponat sifatida. NRM 1974 yilda Beamish -ga qarz bergan, u erda 2006 yilgacha, dastlab Colliery -da, keyinroq Waggonway -da, NRM -ning sun'iy yo'ldosh qurilmasiga, Milliy temir yo'l muzeyi Shildonga ko'chirilgan.Lokomotiv). NRM keyinchalik ikkinchi kredit muddatiga rozi bo'ldi, shuning uchun 2011 yil may oyida lokomotiv o'zining so'nggi ko'rgazmali joyiga, Buyuk Shed [8] [9] ning SW burchagiga, 2019 yilda Milliy temir yo'l muzeyi Shildonga qaytdi. [10]

Waggonway aktsiyalari tahrirlash

Vaggonvey vagonlari - Stokton va Darlington temir yo'lining ochilish kunida ishlatilgan Eksperiment nusxalari, shuningdek biroz keyinroq dizayndagi ochiq vagon. [3]

Vagonlar va vagonlarni tahrirlash

Temir yo'l Raqam Turi Rasm Hozirgi holat
Stokton va Darlington Yarim ochiq uchinchi nusxa 1995 yilda qurilgan. Pockerley Waggonwayda ishlatilgan. [11]
Stokton va Darlington Yarim ochiq va zal 2017 yilda qurilgan. Shassi 1995 yilda ishlab chiqarilgan "Uzoq vannali" vagon nusxasidan qayta tiklandi. Pockerley tramvayida ishlatiladi. [12]
Shimoliy London temir yo'li Noma'lum 4w soniya Ishchilar poezdlari Furness Railway metallari bo'yicha ishlatiladi. Furness Railway Trust kompaniyasiga tegishli bo'lib, 1971 yilda Lakeside & Haverthwaite Railway tomonidan British Rail -dan 5 funtga sotib olinganidan keyin saqlanib qolgan. [13] tanasi 2002-03 yillarda tiklandi, so'ngra SR PMVY S1496S tagiga qo'yildi. 2018 yil oktyabr oyida Beamishga ko'chib o'tdi. [14]
Tog'li temir yo'l 58A 4 soatlik salon Sutherland gersogi Saloni 1909 yilda Lochgormda qurilgan. 0-4-4T 'Dunrobin' bilan yugurdi. Birinchi jahon urushidan oldingi holatga qaytarildi. [15]
Stokton va Darlington 179 Uch g'ildirakli g'ildirak Eng qadimgi temir yo'l vagonlaridan biri. Qayta tiklanmoqda, hozir Beamish -da, oxirgi mexanik ta'mirlash ishlari, harflar va raqamlash. [16]
Shimoliy -Sharqiy temir yo'l 1972 Uchinchi Bogi 1955 yilda NCBga sotilgan. 1968 yilda saqlangan. Hozir saqlanmoqda. [17]
Shimoliy -Sharqiy temir yo'l 3071 Bogi kompozitsiyasi 1903 yilda qurilgan. 1949 yilda NCBga sotilgan. 1968 yilda saqlangan. Qayta tiklangan. Ta'mirlash va qayta bo'yash rejalashtirilgan. [18]

Beamish shahrida bir nechta elektr tramvaylari bor, ularning ba'zilari har kuni ishlaydi. Ot tramvay ham kollektsiyaga kiradi

Stok ro'yxatini tahrirlash

Asl operator Raqam Qurilgan yili Hozirgi hayot O'rindiqlar Hozirgi holat Rasm
Sunderland korporatsiyasi Tramvaylar 16 1900 Qizil va qaymoq 66 Operatsion
Grimsbi va Immingem elektr temir yo'li 26 1925 Britaniya temir yo'llari yashil rangda. 48 Ta'mirlash ishlari olib borilmoqda
Blekpul tramvay yo'li 31 1901 Qizil, oq va tik 86 Operatsion
Nyukasl va Gosforth tramvaylari va tashish kompaniyasi 49 1880 Yo'q Yo'q Qayta tiklanmoqda
Geytshead va tuman tramvaylari kompaniyasi 51 1900 Yo'q 32 Qayta tiklanishni kutish
Geytshead va tuman tramvaylari kompaniyasi 52 1901 Yo'q 32 Qayta tiklanishni kutish
Oporto Tramvaylar kompaniyasi 65 1933 Chevronlar 0 Qayta tiklanmoqda
Nyukasl korporatsiyasi Tramvaylar 114 1901 Jigarrang, sariq va oq 53 Operatsion
Oporto Tramvaylar kompaniyasi 196 1935 Moviy va pushti sariq 28 Operatsion
Sheffild Tramvay 264 1907 Moviy va krem 54 Operatsion
Sheffild Tramvay 513 1950 Moviy va krem 62 Sharqiy Angliya transport muzeyiga ijaraga berilgan

Geytshead 10 (Grimsbi 26) Tahrirlash

Gateshead 10 1925 yilda Sanderlend yo'li qurgan bir qavatli tramvaylardan biri bo'lgan Geytsxed va tuman tramvaylari kompaniyasi tomonidan 1920 yildan 1928 yilgacha qurilgan. Uzunligi 48'8 dyuymga teng bo'lib, uzunlamasına o'rindiqlar bilan jihozlangan. Old va orqa kirish eshiklari bo'lgan 48 yo'lovchiga, ikkita Brill 39E, DK31A dvigatelli 35 ot kuchiga ega, ingliz elektr DB1 K3 boshqaruv moslamalari bilan ishlaydigan maksimal tortish moslamalari, tormoz tizimlarida g'ildiraklar va tormozlarda harakat qiluvchi tormoz tizimlari mavjud. Bu 10 -raqamli parkda, Geytsxeddagi ish yo'nalishlari, shuningdek, Tayn daryosi orqali Nyukasl va Gosfortgacha bo'lgan xizmatlar. 1952 yilda tizim yopilganda, 10 -son Sharqiy mintaqaga sotilgan 19 ta shunga o'xshash tramvaylardan biri edi. Britaniya temir yo'llari, Grimsby va Immingem elektr temir yo'llarida foydalanish uchun. O'z parkida 26 -raqamli quyuq yashil rangda ishlagan, u tizimda 1961 yil 1 -iyulda yopilgunga qadar ishlagan. Br Itish transport komissiyasi saqlash uchun nomzod sifatida. [19]

Muzeyda foydalanish niyatida, 1968 yilda Shimoliy Tramvaylar homiylari tramvayni sotib olishdi va uni Consett Iron Company ishlarida Gateshead 10 identifikatoriga qaytarishdi. Muzeyga kelgan birinchi tramvay 1973 yil iyun oyida qisqa yo'lakchada birinchi yo'lovchilarga xizmat ko'rsatish uchun ishlatilgan. 1983 yildan 1985 yilgacha bo'lgan katta rekonstruksiya uni 1920 -yillarning holatiga qaytarib, ichki bezakli. [19] 2012 yilda u o'zining avvalgi Grimsbi identifikatoriga bo'yalgan. Ta'mirlash 2016 yil yanvar oyida boshlangan, u Gateshead 10 sifatida qayta bo'yalgan.

Wikimedia Commons -dagi 10 -sonli Geytsxed va tuman tramvaylari bilan bog'liq ommaviy axborot vositalari Vikimedia Commons -dagi 26 -sonli Grimsbi va Immingem elektr tramvaylari bilan bog'liq.

Sanderlend 16 tahrir

Sunderland 16 1900 yilda Dik, Kerr & amp Co., Prestonda Sunderland Corporation Tramvaylar uchun qurilgan, 13 dan 18 gacha bo'lgan beshta ochiq tepalikli ikki qavatli tramvaylar partiyasining bir qismi. Shimoliy-Sharqdagi ikkinchi yirik tramvay yo'li. Bu partiya Birinchi Jahon Urushidan keyin ochiq tepasi yopiq taxta sifatida tiklanishini kutish kerak edi, buni 1916 yilga kelib parkning qolgan qismiga qilgan edi. 1920 va 1930 -yillardagi keyingi o'zgarishlar interyerda o'zgarishlarga olib keldi. o'rindiqlar va zinapoyalar), yugurish moslamalari (yuk mashinalari) va joriy kollektor (trolleybus ustuni o'rnini bosuvchi kamon). 1954 yilda "Sanderlend" tizimi yopilgandan so'ng, bu 1950 -yillarning oxirida buzilishidan oldin, futbol jamoalari uchun kiyim almashtirish xonasi sifatida ishlatilgan, vayronagarchilikdan qutulib qolgan bir nechta tramvaylardan biri edi - uning pastki saloni yaqinidagi Low Warden shahridagi Westwood Farm -ga ko'chirildi. Hexham, asboblar ombori va olma do'koni sifatida foydalanish uchun. [20]

Muzey keyinchalik jasadni 1989 yilda muzeyga ko'chirilishi mumkin bo'lgan qutqaruv loyihasi sifatida qutqarib oldi. 1920 -yillarning yopiq holatiga qaytarib, pastki qavati qayta tiklangan Peckham P35 yuk mashinasiga o'rnatildi, uning ustki qismi pastki qismdan qurilgan. chizish Qayta tiklangan tramvay 2003 yil iyulda xizmatga kirdi. [20] Yana bir ta'mirdan so'ng, u 2014 yilning dekabrida xizmatga qaytdi. 2018 yilda qayta tirnoqlar.

Sunderland Corporation Tramvaylari bilan bog'liq ommaviy axborot vositalari, 16 -son, Wikimedia Commons

Blackpool 31 (Blackpool Engineering Car 4 /754) Tartibga solish

Blackpool 31 1901 yilda Midland temir yo'l vagonlari va vagon kompaniyasida, Blekpul tramvayida, dastlab to'rt g'ildirakli, ikki qavatli ochiq tepalik sifatida, Marton yo'nalishida foydalanish uchun qurilgan. Standart sinfdagi tramvay konstruktsiyalarini sinovdan o'tkazishda, u 1918 yilda qayta qurildi, bunda korpus uzaytirildi va ikkita ingliz elektr 4 g'ildirak bazali teng g'ildirakli boglar bilan jihozlangan yangi taglikka o'rnatildi. oxirgi derazalar korpus uzaygan uzunlikka to'g'ri keladi), BTH 265C 35 ot kuchiga ega dvigatellar va BTH 510 kontrollerlari bilan. [21]

U 1928 yilgacha, tepa qopqog'i o'rnatilmaguncha, ustki qismi ochilmagan tramvay sifatida ishlagan. 1934 yilda muhandislik bo'limiga o'tkazilganda, tramvay 4 raqami o'zgartirildi va muhandislik maqsadlarida ishlatildi - ustki qopqog'i olib tashlandi va old va orqa oqim yig'ish tirgaklari o'rnatilgan markaziy simli tekshirish minorasi va haydovchining old oynalari o'rnatildi. 1960 -yillardagi Blekpul flotining raqamlari 754. [21]

Muntazam foydalanishni muhandislik tramvay sifatida ko'rganidan so'ng, 1984 yil iyulda muzeyga uzoq muddatli qarzga berildi, uni 1920 yilgi holatiga qaytarish niyatida (tepasi ochiq, ikki qavatli ochiq platformali). [21] U 1988 yilda xizmatga kirgan, [22] yozgi mavsumda ishlatilgan. [21] u faqat 1998 yil yozgi mavsumida Blekpulga qaytib keldi, Blekpul - Flitvud tramvayining yuz yillik tantanalarida ishtirok etish uchun. [21] Tramvay 2016 yilda kapital ta'mirlash uchun olib qo'yilgan. Bu ishda dvigatel, boshqaruvchi va bo'yoq ishlariga e'tibor qaratildi va 2018 yilda yakunlandi.

Wikimedia Commons -da Blackpool Corporation Transport № 31 bilan bog'liq ommaviy axborot vositalari

Nyukasl va Gosfort tramvaylari va tashish kompaniyasi 49 Tartibga solish

Nyukasl va Gosfort tramvaylari va vagon kompaniyasi 49 1880 yilda qurilgan va tepada joylashgan otli tramvay. Tramvay to'liq tiklanmoqda va bu ikkinchi ot-tramvayning muhim tarkibiy qismlaridan foydalanishni o'z ichiga oladi, Leamington va Warwick № 8. Qayta tiklash 2013 yildan beri izchil davom etmoqda va tugallangach, tramvay maxsus holatlarda ishlatiladi.

Gateshead 51 tahrirlash

Geytsxed 51ning qoldiqlari 2006 yilda Beamishga ko'chirilgan bo'lib, uni oxirigacha to'liq yopiq bir qavatli qilib tiklash rejalashtirilgan. Chiqish bo'yicha 51 -raqamli bo'lgani ma'lum bo'lsa -da, uning oldingi tarixi aniq emas. [23]

Gateshead 52 tahrirlash

Gateshead 52 dastlab bitta bo'lakli "Kaliforniya" uslubidagi tramvay bo'lib, 1903 yildagi ochiq bo'linmalar yopilgunga qadar edi. 1916 yilda yo'lovchilar bilan tik tepalikka qulab tushganidan keyin avariyaga uchradi. Shundan so'ng, u hozirgi formatda qayta tiklandi va 1951 yilda olib qo'yildi. Uning sobiq haydovchisi sotib olganidan so'ng, u vafotidan keyin Milliy Tramvay muzeyiga o'tdi, u erda saqlandi va o't qo'yish paytida shikastlandi. To'liq restavratsiya rejalashtirilgan holda, u 2014 yilda Beishga ko'chirilgan. [24] [25]

Oporto 65 tahrirlash

Oporto 65 1933 yilda ishlab chiqarilgan va Oporto tramvay tizimida foydalanish uchun ishlab chiqarilgan ko'mirli avtomobil. Uning asl maqsadi ko'mirni tashish edi, bu vazifani u xizmatdan olib tashlanishidan oldin ko'p yillar davomida bajargan. 2005 yilda uni Milliy tramvay muzeyi sotib oldi, u erda uni qayta tiklash kerak edi, lekin bu amalga oshmadi. Beamish mashinani 2016 yilda sotib olgan, sentyabr oyida muzeyga kelgan. Maqsad - 65 -ni ish holatiga qaytarish, bu erda u yana texnik va texnik xizmat ko'rsatish vositasi sifatida ishlatiladi, shuningdek haydash tajribasi kurslarida. Yuk mashinasi va boshqaruvchilar ustida ishlar olib borilmoqda. Tana ishi keyinroq tiklanadi.

Nyukasl 114 (Sheffild 317) Tahrir

Nyukasl 114 1901 yilda Nyukasl korporatsiyasi Tramvaylar uchun Hurst Nelson va Co Motherwell kompaniyasi tomonidan qurilgan, ot tepsisini almashtirish uchun etkazib beriladigan 24 ta tepa ustidagi qisqa tokchali "A" klassli avtomobillardan biri. Bu omon qolgan turining yagona namunasidir. U 53 ta yog'och o'rindiq bilan jihozlangan va 6 ′ 6 dyuymli Brill 21E rusumli yuk mashinasida GTH 58 dvigatellari bilan ishlaydi, BTH B3 boshqaruvchisiga ega. Ular Nyukasl xizmatida bo'lganlarida bir necha marta qayta qurilgan. 1941 yilda Gosforth Park hurda sidingga yuklangan, u va uning singil tramvaylari urush paytida vayron bo'lgan transport vositalarini almashtirish uchun Sheffild korporatsiyasiga sotilgan. Sheffild tomonidan to'liq yopiq va vestibulirovka qilinadigan qilib qayta qurilgan. ularning filosi 317 -sonli bo'lib, nihoyat 1951 yilda olib tashlangan. [26]

Tramvay jasadi keyinchalik Skuntorp yaqinidagi haydaladigan fermada qayta kashf qilindi va 1987 yilda boshqa joylar orqali Beishga yetib keldi. Muzey 1989 yilda Oportodan GE 270 dvigatellari mos keladigan o'zgartirilgan yuk mashinasi yordamida 1901 yil holatiga qaytarildi va BTH B18 kontrollerlarini qayta qurdi. U 1996 yil may oyida muzey xizmatiga kirdi. [26] 2011 yilda o'rta umr ta'mirlandi.

Nyukasl korporatsiyasi Tramvaylari 114 -sonli Wikimedia Commons bilan bog'liq ommaviy axborot vositalari

Janubiy qalqon 196 (Oporto 196) Tartibga solish

South Shields 196 1935 yilda Portugaliyaning Oporto (Porto) shahridagi Oporto Tramvaylar kompaniyasining Boavista zavodida qurilgan. A small 4-wheel single decker, one of a batch of 77 similar examples, it was based on an American design dating from 1909. Mounted on a Brill 21E truck, it has two GE(USA) 270A 55 hp motors with licensee-built B54E controllers, and brakes using air-brake, emergency electric brake, and a handbrake operated by distinctive vertical hand-wheels to the right of the driver's position. After rebuild, it has seating arranged longitudinally for 28 passengers. [27]

Having been withdrawn due to a collision, it was brought to the UK by the museum in 1989, who intended to use it as a source of spare parts for other trams. As it was found to be in sound condition, capable of running on arrival, it was instead decided to repair the collision damage and restore it as a complete vehicle. Oporto 176 was instead acquired for their spare part needs. [27]

Intending to use it in the off season, the open platform ends were rebuilt to be enclosed, with folding doors on the UK loading side, and the original roof-mounted electrical resistances were replaced by new platform-mounted units, arranged to help to keep the car interior warm in winter. Original interior features were restored, although changes were made to the destination boxes. While the tram was repainted into the Beamish crimson and cream livery as used on No. 10, the intention of the restoration was to retain its original Portuguese styling as much as possible. It entered museum service in May 1992. [27] In 2012 it received an overhaul and was repainted into a South Shields Corporation Tramways blue and yellow livery. [28] At the end of 2016 it received a tyre and motor overhaul to prepare it for the busy Christmas season. [ iqtibos kerak ]

Media related to Beamish Tramways No. 196 at Wikimedia Commons Media related to South Shields Corporation Tramways No. 196 at Wikimedia Commons

Sheffield 264 (342) Edit

Sheffield 264 was built by the United Electric Car Company of Preston for Sheffield Corporation Tramways, one of a batch of fifteen double-decker open balcony cars delivered in 1907. It was built with wooden seats for 54 passengers, mounted on a 4-wheel Peckham P22 truck with two Metrovick 102DR 60 hp motors using BTH B510 controllers, with braking systems being a handbrake acting on all wheels, an electric brake for emergency use and a hand-wheel operated track brake. A 1926 rebuild included modification to a fully enclosed upper deck. Displaced to peak hour use in the 1930s, it was renumbered 342, but was not withdrawn until 1956. [29]

Acquired by the British Transport Commission, it was exhibited in Clapham Transport Museum until 1967. Northern Tramway Sponsors then moved it to premises at the Consett Iron Company. Due to the poor condition of the upper deck bodywork it was converted to an open topper, and after repainting into Gateshead livery, but still numbered 342, it was moved to Beamish in December 1973. It ran in service until 1985, when it was withdrawn for a complete rebuild into its 1920s open balcony form, being renumbered back to 264 and repainted into Sheffield livery of Prussian blue and cream with gold lining. Completed in 1987, it then ran in service for 14 years, until being withdrawn in 2002 for another major overhaul. [29] This began in late 2013 when the tram was dismantled, and was completed in April 2016.

Media related to Sheffield Corporation Tramways No. 264 at Wikimedia Commons

Sheffield 513 Edit

Sheffield 513 was built by Charles Roberts & Co. of Wakefield to a design by Sheffield Transport, as one of a batch of 35 double-decker trams constructed between 1950 and 1952. Fitted with comfortable upholstered seating for 62 passengers, it ran on a 4-wheel Maley and Taunton hornless type 588 truck with rubber and leaf spring suspension, powered by two Metrovick 101 DR3 65 hp motors with a pair of Crompton-West CT/TJ controllers (fitted in restoration). Braking systems feature air brakes acting on all wheels, with electric braking for emergency use. It only operated in Sheffield for eight years, as they abandoned their trams in 1960. It ran in the closing procession held on 8 October. [30]

It was then purchased by Mr J Rothera of York, who first stored it at the Middleton Railway, before moving it to the Cullingworth goods shed near Halifax in 1962, and then presenting it to the Castle Museum, York in 1973. it arrived at Beamish in 1976, but having been stored outside for 16 years it was in poor condition, having been vandalised and deteriorated due to the weather, so restoration took five years, from 1978 to 1983. [30]

On 1 October 1984 it was moved to Blackpool on a 14-month loan, to take part in the Blackpool Tramway centenary celebrations of September 1985. It saw further service and another major mechanical overhaul at Beamish until returning to Blackpool in February 2001 on another long-term loan. [30] In 2012 it went on loan to the East Anglia Transport Museum.

Media related to Sheffield Corporation Tramways No. 513 at Wikimedia Commons


ɿinancial concerns'

The spokeswoman said: "The board, in line with their duties as trustees of the museum, did report a serious incident to the Charity Commission and the police.

"The Charity Commission has concluded its correspondence with the museum.

"However, as this matter is subject to investigation by the police, we cannot comment further on the nature of the incident."

Museum director Richard Evans resigned in May.

He had been director since July 2008 and the spokeswoman said the board thanked him for his "contribution to the museum's success".

The Charity Commission said the museum submitted a "serious incident report in relation the financial concerns".

"We have engaged with the trustees to assess their handling of the matter," a spokeswoman said, adding: "We are continuing to monitor the charity's next steps and cannot comment further at this time."


Living history lesson

we came to Beamish to specifically visit this wonderful place we allowed a couple of days to visit and we needed that , you cannot take everything in on one day.
We loved the way the village and town are set out and really enjoyed the visit the coal mine and listen to real miners their stories were so interesting. Just take your time to talk to the people in these places you can learn so much from the stories they tell .
Was a bit disappointed with the fair ground but the farm , colliery and the town were amazing. Use the buses and trams just to get your bearings , also tasted the chips in the local fish and chip shop cooked in beef dripping and cooked by coal fryers took me back a bit .
Keep your tickets as you can visit again within the year.

What a great attraction. Lots to see and do. Quite a lot of walking but plenty of trolly buses and buses if you don’t want to walk around. Fish and chips to die for cooked on a range in beef dripping. Fantastic.
Look forward to the 1950s town being built.

Not many places in America like this allow a visitor to bring their dog. Being a dog lover, this did not bother me. The dogs I saw were well behaved. Owners picked up after and managed their dogs well. Most of the dogs were of the smaller variety, not aware if there is a size limit.

We loved this living history museum. It is well run and organized. The employees were friendly and informative. So many great areas: the mining tour, the city, the fair grounds, the farms and animals, and the transportation.

I would recommend closed comfortable shoes. The walking is extensive.

I wouldn't recommend this activity to anyone with limited mobility. I saw several families struggling to get their family members in wheel chairs around. They would be able to see some things but not eveything.

I went with my mum aged 76 and my teenage kids,. Am all for "keeping the past" so that younger people can experience it, and older folk can enjoy remembering it, and I think we managed OK. The attractions are fairly spread out so we had to get the trams which my Mum who walks with a stick found difficult (big steps up on the trams) and we ended up leaving her in the bandstand park whilst we went down to the mining village and back. We didn't even attempt the train. It does feel like a bit of a money spinner at every turn. For the savvy parent with a discount pass, who brings own lunch, it could be a goer. Dogs are allowed at Beamish, and they are plentiful, we witnessed a couple fighting at the main entrance, taking seats on the trollley bus " aww bless, he likes his own seat" , and barking incessantly in the park - admittedly, children can be as annoying as dogs, but bloody hell, get a grip. Sorry !

We are travelling through the north east of England and as we were staying in Durham we decided to visit Beamish thinking that we would spend a couple of hours there. How wrong we were, we ended up spending nearly the whole day. There was so much so see and do. Beamish is laid out over 300 or 400 acres in a circle with a tram/bus route around the outside and within that circle are different areas showing what life was like principally in the north east over the last 2 centuries. The trams, which are all original dating back to the early pay 20th century , and buses run ever 10 minutes or so and there is a wheelchair accessible bus as well. There is a 1820s farmyard, a 1900s town street, a 1900s colliery & mining village, a railway station & steam train and a 1940s wartime farm. Most of the building in each area are original, some have even been demolished brick by brick and then rebuilt at Beamish. Many the the shops in the 1900 town street are full of items for that era and there are staff in clothes of the period to help with advice and information. We thoroughly enjoyed the museum. All the staff were amazing extremely friendly and informative. A wonderful day out at an amazing museum


Time Travelling in the UK: Top 5 Living History Museums

It’s fair to say that the United Kingdom has a rich and diverse history, packed with infamous wars, incidents and scandals. Millions of visitors are drawn each year to a range of major historical sites, including royal palaces, country mansions and even Roman ruins that have survived for almost two millennia. Kim ularni ayblay oladi? The sites themselves are frequently visually stunning, and the stories behind the leading figures packed with intrigue, deceit and, often, violent death.

Of course, just as modern life in the UK is not all about the Queen, David Beckham and J. K. Rowling, in past times celebrities were not the be-all and end-all either. Over the past few decades, hundreds of millions of ordinary people have lived and died in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Frequently, their stories are just as fascinating as those of their more famous contemporaries, if not more so. Toiling in the fields, sweating through the industrial revolution or tending the homes of the wealthy, they laid the foundations for the country as it is today.

If you’ve ever wanted to step back in time and experience what daily existence was like for men, women and children in the UK’s past, you’re in luck. A wide range of “living museums” (also known as open air museums) are dotted around the country, all dedicated to authentically recreating life in days gone by. Like any other attractions, they vary in quality and scope. This article picks out 5 of the very best historical theme parks, each of which is guaranteed to satisfy curious time travellers.

1. Beamish, The Living Museum of the North

As its full name suggests, Beamish Museum is located in the very North of England, close to the town of Stanley in County Durham. This puts it beyond the reach of many overseas visitors, who are unlikely to stray beyond easy travelling distance of London. For those that do make the trip, they’ll find that they’ve uncovered one of the country’s hidden gems.

Sprawling over a massive 300 acre site, the museum is divided into several distinct areas: The Edwardian Town, The Pit Village, The Colliery, Pockerley Old Hall, Pockerley Waggonway and Home Farm. These are linked by an extensive transport system made up of authentic and recreated trams and buses, making the act of getting from one to another an integral part of the experience.

Each area is set in a different time period, and is made up of period buildings that have been relocated to the Beamish site. While the time span covered stretches back to the early 1800s, the focus is on beginning of the 20 th century when the north’s economy was heavily dependent on coal mining. Highlights include a guided tour down a mine, a staggeringly detailed recreation of the nearby village, and a ride on an early steam engine. The shops in the town are a delight, though parents should be pre-warned that kids will be in no hurry to leave the mouth-watering kitchen of the sweet shop.

2. Black Country Living Museum

Rivalling Beamish in terms of scale and popularity, the Black Country Living Museum is one of the biggest attractions in England’s Midlands. It also focuses on the period surrounding the industrial revolution, and there is some overlap between the two sites. Again, it is possible to tour a mine and a number of surrounding residential properties, and you’ll be left with a real sense of the hardship endured by those that lived in the area surrounding Wolverhampton and West Bromwich.

Given the similarities, there’s probably little reason to visit both Beamish and the Black Country Living Museum during the same trip to the UK. Those that do, though, will find a number of unique attractions on offer here. For instance, the central town is not fully themed around a single time period, but instead collates a number of different shops and amenities set in slightly different eras. The operators of the museum have opportunistically rescued each from demolition, ensuring their preservation for years to come.

Another highlight is the canal that surrounds the town, along with a fleet of rusting narrowboats. This reflects the importance of water-based transport to the Black Country, and contrasts with Beamish’s focus on railways. For kids, an excellent collection of antique fairground rides is on offer, complete with an addictive selection of penny-slot machines that have lost none of their appeal.

3. Blists Hill Victorian Town

For those looking to head further back than the Edwardian period, Blists Hill offers a chance to step back into Victorian times. It is just one of 10 museums that are operated by the Ironbridge Gorge Museum Trust, and can be enjoyed as a standalone attraction or as part of a wider visit to the area. Be warned, though: you’ll only be able to get through a handful of those museums in a single day.

Located close to the once-booming former industrial center of Coalbrookdale, Blists Hill takes guests back to a Shropshire town in the late 19 th century. It features a mixture of original, relocated and replica buildings, along with the requisite range of hosts in period costume.

As the name suggests, the Ironbridge Gorge area is perhaps most closely associated with the production of iron. A highlight of Blists Hill’s line-up is therefore the original Madeley Wood Company blast furnaces, which operated between 1832 and 1911. Combine a look at this with a visit to the nearby Museum of Iron, and you’ll begin to understand just how significant the technological advances made in this area really were.

4. Museum of East Anglian Life

Lacking the major attractions on offer in London and the surrounding towns and cities, the predominantly agricultural area of East Anglia is often overlooked by visitors to the UK. This is a shame, as its picturesque villages and pretty market towns are well worth making the relatively short trek out of the capital.

The Museum of East Anglian life celebrates the region’s history, and is located close to Stowmarket in Suffolk. Though on a slightly smaller scale to some of the other open air museums listed here, it stands out as offering a view of the farming culture that dominated the UK prior to the industrial revolution. This includes a range of fascinating buildings, including an 18 th century watermill that was painstakingly moved from Alton Water to save it from being reduced to rubble.

For many, particularly children, the main draw of the Museum of East Anglian life is its selection of animals. This includes a number of rare breeds, such as the Suffolk Punch horses that are regarded as symbols of the area. It is these, rather than the usual selection of period shops and homes, that make the attraction stand out from the crowd.

5. St Fagans Natural History Museum

Originally opened in 1946 as the Welsh Folk Museum, the Cardiff-based St Fagans Natural History Museum is among the UK’s most popular free attractions. As its original name suggests, it celebrates the history of the Welsh people, and is set in the attractive grounds of St Fagans Castle.

Almost all of the buildings at the museum have been transported from different locations across Wales, ensuring that a broad slice of Welsh culture is represented. As with its English counterparts, the industrial revolution (and Wales’ coal mining communities) are represented, but agricultural life is also portrayed through buildings such as a flour and wool mills.

A stand-out feature of St Fagans Natural History Museum is a working farm, which is populated largely with native Welsh livestock breeds. Those looking for an edible souvenir will be in luck, as it is possible to buy produce from the farm to take home with you.

Planning a visit

For those planning on visiting any of the living museums listed above, a range of common-sense tips can help you make the most of your trip. Arriving early is essential, particularly given the scale of most the attractions and the popularity of some of the scheduled tours (such as Beamish’s mine excursions). Weekdays are quieter, although you are likely to be surrounded by school groups. Finally, asking questions of the staff at each museum will ensure you receive a much richer experience – the buildings themselves set the mood, but there’s no substitute for hearing about the lives of the people that inhabited and worked in them.

Nick Sim is a history fan and writer based in Suffolk, England. He combines his love of amusement parks and travel over at Theme Park Tourist, where he covers the latest events at UK theme parks.


Beamish

I T MAY WELL BE the biggest open air museum in Britain—an amazing 300 acres, nearly half a square mile. Beyond doubt, Beamish (official name: Beamish, The North of England Open Air Museum) is a lot of museum to cover on foot, with six sites along a 1.5-mile loop. Fortunately, you don’t have to walk the entire distance. The single, all-inclusive admission allows you unlimited rides on an authentically restored antique tramway, with trams every 15 minutes along the loop.

And this is what Beamish is all about: the North of England in 1913, authentically re-created from one of the largest collections in the island. The double-decker trams, with their overhead electric wires, are all period antiques from northern English cities. The market town is made up of buildings moved on site from around the region, re-creating a 1913 High Street complete with pub. A coal village shows what life was like pitside, with industrial buildings and workers’ terraces from local mines. A home farm demonstrates agricultural practices of the day, using buildings that were already on the site, and a railway station displays its rolling stock. Two final sites give perspective from an earlier era. Pockerley Manor shows how a yeoman farmer would live in 1825, in a home original to the site. From it you can see something unique: an 1825 “waggonway,” a primitive early railroad, complete with reconstructed first-generation locomotives puffing along it. You can even ride in one.

Beamish, named for a nearby village, started as a local way of life was disappearing. In 1958 Frank Atkinson, a young professional curator from Yorkshire, took a major fine arts post in Durham County. At the time Durham made up the southern half of what was still a great mining region that centered on Newcastle-upon-Tyne. At-kinson soon realized that the industry that had supported the region for a quarter millennium was shutting down and would quickly disappear.

We think of industrialization as modern, but the Newcastle region had been producing coal for so long that the phrase “carrying coals to Newcastle” had its current meaning by 1661. By 1700 the Industrial Revolution was emerging in Newcastle, and by 1725 the region was dotted with large mines drained by steam engines and connected by railroads—the early prototypes of more famous versions “invented” decades later. When the Industrial Revolution was something new and wonderful in Manchester and unknown in the United States, it had been underway for a century in the Newcastle area.

By 1958, however, all this was dying rapidly. Atkinson knew that someone had to act before all traces were gone. He envisioned a museum that would “illustrate vividly the way of life of the ordinary people” at the height of the Industrial Revolution. He realized, however, that he was almost too late nothing disappears more quickly than the ephemera of industrialization and its workers. So Atkinson established a policy of “unselective collection,” actively soliciting antique donations from the public and accepting anything of the proper age into the collection.

BEAMISH is a dozen miles north of Durham on the A693. You can find the official Beamish Museum Web site at www.beamish.org.uk, with full information on hours and admissions. There’s a separate site for the enormous collections at the museum, www.beamishcollections.com. The Friends of Beamish organization actually predates the museum, and its members get free admission its Web site is www.friendsofbeamish.co.uk, and provides yet more information on the Beamish collections.

By 1970 Atkinson and his group had filled a redundant army camp with the collection, and were ready to establish the museum. A unique association of eight county and borough councils provided the funding, and a site was purchased on the outer edge of Newcastle’s urban area—an old estate farm occupying a wide, rolling bowl near the village of Beamish. In 1971 the museum opened its first exhibit, and has expanded steadily since.
Beamish has been careful to describe itself as “the first open air museum in England”—a true statement as far as it goes, as existing British open air museums were all outside England, including Wales’ venerable St. Fagans with its stunning collection of folk architecture. But Beamish is no random collection of buildings. Rather, it is a highly organized presentation of a particular time and place, devoted to the way of life of ordinary workers and farmers presented with great historical accuracy and just a dash of showmanship. Its emphasis is on the daily experience of the people within the buildings, not the buildings themselves. Indeed, its concentration on working folk is so total that it has sold off the elaborate manor house that came with the property (it’s now a luxury hotel)—a total break with the old style of British history museums, based on great houses.

THE TOWN, located at the far end of the site, is the most elaborate and popular of the six exhibit destinations. Made up of buildings relocated from the Newcastle industrial region, it recreates, in the greatest detail, a commercial street from 1913—the year when workers’ standard of living reached its highest level to date in the industrial era. Buildings of that era include a co-op store, a bank, a Masonic temple, a tea shop, a smithy converted into a garage, stables (which house the horses employed by the museum), a candy shop, a printer and a pub. The pub sells traditionally brewed local ale from a hand pump, and packaged sandwiches. Beside the com mercial area is a range of terraces one furnished as a lawyer’s home and office, another as a dentist’s practice. That’s a lot to see—and there are five more sites that are just as interesting. Thank goodness for the town’s pub.

At the near end of the site is the colliery, centered on an actual drift coal mine, that visitors can enter. The coal head industrial plant has an 1855 steam engine, whose working life extended for 100 years, and that is still occasionally fired up. Next door is a set of 1860s pit cottages, furnished as they would have been in 1913, complete with gardens.

Railroad enthusiasts have their own set of treats. Apart from the tram system and a set of early buses and carriages, there’s a late 19th-century railroad station with an exhibit of rolling stock, and a huge locomotive works that stores the museum’s vast collection. The most remarkable railroad site, however, is the 1820s era “waggonway,” a proto-railroad built on the bed of an actual early waggonway. Short passenger excursions feature 1820s carriage designs, pulled by authentic reproductions of locomotive engines that ran along local waggonways in 1815—that’s right, more than a decade older than the “first” locomotive, George Stephenson’s Rocket . They have a working reproduction of the Rocket as well.

For any history enthusiast, perhaps the greatest treat is standing in the flower garden of Pockerley Manor, an independent farmer’s house furnished as in 1825. From this hilltop location is a glorious view of the Durham countryside—centered on the little puffer-belly noisily belching smoke and steam along its waggonway. The farmer in 1825 would have had exactly the same view, and would have wondered what the world was coming to.

Across the fields lies Beamish’s original colliery village, with the coal mine’s winding engine in the bottom inset. In town, the sweet shop provided treats for a rising standard of living - JIM HARGAN



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