Vixen I tarixi - Tarix

Vixen I tarixi - Tarix


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Vixen I.

(Sch .: t. 170; 1. 83'6 "; b. 23'71/2 ''; dph. 9'6"; 111-bet; a. 12 18-pdr. Mashina.)

Birinchi Vixen-1803 yil 28 fevralda Kongress tomonidan ruxsat berilgan to'rtta kemadan biri-Baltimor shtatida, 1803 yilning bahorida qurilgan; va 25 iyun kuni leytenant Jon Smit buyrug'i bilan ishga tushirildi.

Ayniqsa, Tripoli sohilidagi shoal suvlarida operatsiyalar uchun mo'ljallangan Vixen, 1801 yildan 1805 yilgacha Tripolitan urushida xizmat qilish uchun Commodore Edward Preble guruhiga qo'shildi. U 3 -avgustda Baltimordan suzib ketdi va 14 -sentabrda eskadron bilan Gibraltarga jo'nadi. Commodore Preble 1803 yil oktyabr oyida Vixen va Filadelfiya fregatini Tripoliga yubordi.

u erdagi blokada. Biroq, tez orada Vixen ikkita Tripolitan harbiy kemasini qidirish uchun jo'nab ketdi va Filadelfiya erga etib, 31 -da qo'lga olinganda u yo'q edi. Buning o'rniga, u frigat yo'qolgani va kapitan Uilyam Beynbridj, uning zobitlari va ekipaji dekabr oyida Gibraltarga qaytarilgani haqida xabar yubordi.

Tripoli qaroqchilarining uzoq davom etgan haqoratlari tufayli, bu eng oxirgi va eng jahlli g'azab tez va keskin keldi. Kichik leytenant Stiven Dekatur 1804 yil 16 -fevralda Tripoli portida joylashgan Filadelfiyaga o'tirdi va vayron qildi, keyinroq Commodore Preble 3, 7, 24 va 29 avgust kunlari qaroqchilar davlatining beshta og'ir bombardimonini kuzatdi. 3 sentyabrda. Vixen bu harakatlarning barchasida ishtirok etdi va Amerikaning turli kemalarining harakatlarini muvofiqlashtirishga yordam berib, qimmatli taktik xizmat ko'rsatdi. U 1804 yil sentyabr oyida, go'yoki o'zining suzish sifatini yaxshilash maqsadida, brigada sifatida qayta ishlangan va 1805 yil avgustda Tunis oldidagi harakatlarda, hozir Komodor Jon Rojers qo'mondonligi ostida bo'lgan eskadron bilan birga bo'lgan. Harbiy kema bir yil o'tib, 1806 yil avgustda AQShga qaytgan. .

Vixen O'rta er dengizidan qaytgan zahoti Vashingtondagi Harbiy -dengiz hovlisiga joylashtirildi. Bir yil o'tgach, u hovlidan chiqib ketdi va keyinchalik leytenantlar Jeyms Lourens va Charlz Lyudlou ostida Atlantika sohilida operatsiya qildi. U bu vazifani 1812 yilgi urush boshlangunga qadar davom ettirdi, o'sha paytda u janubiy qirg'oq bo'ylab usta komendant Kristofer Gadsden boshchiligida suzib ketdi va 1812 yil 28 -avgustda podpolkovnik Jorj Vashington o'qidi. G'arbiy Hindistonda o'tkazgan urush safarlarida Vixen 1812 yil 22-noyabrda 32-qurolli HMS Sautgempton britaniyalik frigateli tomonidan ta'qib qilindi, ushlandi va qo'lga olindi. Ikkala kemadan ham ko'p o'tmay Bagamadagi Concepcion orolida halokatga uchradi, lekin ofitserlar va ekipaj a'zolari. hamma tirik qoldi. Ammo o'qing, Yamaykada almashtirilguncha sariq isitmadan vafot etdi.


RNAS Culdrose

Qirollik dengiz harbiy havo stantsiyasi Culdrose Buyuk Britaniyadagi eng katta vertolyot bazasi bo'lib, A3083 asosiy kertenkele yo'li bo'ylab Helstonga yaqin joylashgan.

Hozirgi harbiy aerodromlarning ko'pchiligi Ikkinchi Jahon Urushidan beri qayta tiklandi. Biroq, Culdrose haqli ravishda ilgari uchish uchun ishlatilmagan quruqlikda o'sha paytdan beri qurilgan yagona bino deb da'vo qilishi mumkin.

Kuldroz o'z hayotini 1943 yilda Admiralti ushbu hududni o'rganib chiqqach, boshlagan va 1944 yil fevral oyida avval "Downs" deb nomlangan 750 gektar qishloq xo'jaligi erlarini sotib olgan.

U dastlab Cornish qushi nomi bilan HMS Chough (RNAS Helston) nomini oldi. Biroq, Admiralty Lordlari tomonidan muhokama qilinganidan so'ng, u 1947 yil 17 aprelda kapitan G S Dikkins qo'mondonligi ostida ishga tushirilganda, HMS Seahawk (RNAS CULDROSE) bo'ldi.

RNAS CULDROSE HAVO FOTOSURATI

Taxminan o'n yil umr ko'rishi bilan, dastlab urush paytidagi aerodrom sifatida yaratilgan Aerokostantsiya uchta uchish -qo'nish yo'lagiga ega, to'qqiz eskadronni sig'dira oladi va 1500 ga yaqin xodimdan iborat edi. Infratuzilmaning ko'p qismi oltita "Mainhill" va o'n ettita "Pentad" angarlaridan iborat keng qamrovli anbarga ega "kulbali lager" edi. Hozirgi turar joylarning deyarli barchasi zamonaviy binolar bilan almashtirildi.

1947 yilda Culdrose ochilganda, uning asosiy vazifasi dengiz tungi jangchilar maktabining uyi va birinchi eskadroni 780NAS edi. Hozirgi kabi ikkinchi darajali vazifa-tushgan frontli eskadronlarni uy bilan ta'minlash edi. Dastlab, Helston atrofidagi osmon Firefly, Anson va Sea Fury kabi pistonli samolyotlarning ovozi bilan to'lgan edi.

Pistonli qiruvchi samolyotining kuni tezlik bilan yaqinlashdi va qiruvchi samolyotini xizmatga olish uchun Harbiy-dengiz reaktivlarini baholash va o'qitish bo'linmasi (702NAS) tuzildi.

1950-yillarning boshlarida, shuningdek, Havo-Havo Erta Ogohlantirish (AEW) roliga Skyraider AD-4W ning kiritilishi bilan flot havo kuchlari tafakkurida yana bir katta o'zgarish yuz berdi. Bu samolyotlar dengiz flotini "ufqda" ko'rish qobiliyatini ta'minladi va 1960 yil 1 -fevralda Gannet AEW 3 bilan almashtirilgunga qadar 849NAS bilan xizmatda qoldi.

Duglas AD -4W Skyraider -Culdrose -da 1950 -yillar davomida 849 kvadrat metrlik havodan erta ogohlantirish samolyoti. Gannet AEW 3 GANNET AEW3 & amp, uning o'rnini bosuvchi, SEAKING AEW
Rasm BOB TURNER

1960 -yillarda bazadan ishlaydigan "Sea Vixen", "Sea Venom" va "Sea Hawk" kabi samolyotlar bilan dengiz reaktiv samolyotlari voyaga etdi.

Buccaneer, Gannet, Sea Hawk va Sea Vixen samolyotlari 1970 -yillarda Culdrose -da "Dummy Deck" da manevr qilingan. Samolyot boshqaruvchilari dengizdagi samolyot tashuvchi samolyot kemasidagi haqiqiy narsalarni qo'yib yuborishdan oldin, bu erda o'z qadamlarini qo'ydilar.

Ammo, ehtimol, bundan ham muhimi, bu davrda dengiz vertolyotlari faoliyatining birinchi yirik kengayishi kuzatildi. Culdrose 1958 yilda kelgan Qirollik dengiz floti va tepaliklar, bo'ronlar va ninachilar uchun asosiy vertolyot o'quv bazasi sifatida tanlangan.

Hiller 12E minora yonida aylanib yuribdi.
Bu mashinalar 1960-70 -yillarda 705 kvadrat metrlik vertolyotda uchish bo'yicha asosiy mashg'ulotning ot kuchi edi.

1960 yilda Intensiv uchish sinovlari bo'linmasi (700H) Wessex 1-ni tashuvchiga asoslangan suv osti kemalariga qarshi vertolyot sifatida taqdim etishini baholash uchun keldi.

1962 yilda 706NAS yangi frontli Wessex otryadlarining birinchisi sifatida shakllandi.

700W 1962 yil iyun oyida Wasp va 700V ni 1963 yil dekabr oyida ikkita dvigatelli Commando Wessex HU5 bilan baholash uchun tashkil etilgan. Ikkalasi ham 1964 yil bahorida frontal harbiy-dengiz floti (NAS) sifatida qayta ishga tushirildi.

Wasp 706 NASga qo'shildi va Wessex HU5 707 dengiz havo qo'mondonlik eskadroniga (NACS) o'tdi.

Yuqoridan pastgacha: RNAS Culdrose -dan WASP Mk 1, WHIRLWIND MK 7, WESSEX Mk 1, WESSEX Mk3, SEA KING Mk 1 dengiz vertolyotlari

1960-yillarning o'rtalariga qadar u erda ozgina o'zgarishlar yuz berdi. Bu vaqtda har kuni bazadan ishlaydigan oddiy 65 ta vertolyot, oldingi chiziqlar eskadronlari tushganda, 110 taga ko'payadi.

Aynan shu nuqtadan Kuldroz Evropadagi eng katta vertolyot bazasi deb da'vo qilishi mumkin.

Wessex Mk3 1967 yilda, keyin Seaking Mk1 1969 yilda xizmatga kirgan.

Seakingning dastlabki versiyasi, 1970 -yillarda aerodromdan majburan qo'nganidan so'ng, bo'ronni Kuldrozga qaytaradi.

1970 yilda aerodrom uchun 3,5 million funtlik qayta qurish dasturi boshlanib, 1972 yil may oyida Kornuoll gersogi binosining ochilishi bilan yakunlandi. Bu ko'p o'tmay turar joyni 4,5 million funt sterlingga qayta qurish bilan yakunlandi.

1972 yil davomida Dengiz shahzodasi samolyotlari bilan jihozlangan Qirollik dengiz kuzatuvchilari maktabi va 750NAS (Observer Training Squadron) Kuldrozga qaytdi.

Dengiz shahzodasi, 1970 -yillarda, maydonda 750 kvadrat metr. Dengiz shahzodasi pistonli dvigateli Jetstream turbo-prop bilan almashtirilishidan oldin Observer mashg'ulotlarida ishlatilgan.

706 NAS muntazam qidirish va qutqarish (SAR) operatsiyalari uchun vertolyotlarni taqdim etgan bo'lsa -da, 1974 yilda 365 kunlik qamrovga ega bo'lgan 771 ta NAS bu rolga bag'ishlangan.

Lt Brayan Gill 1971 yil sentyabr oyida jarliklarga juda yaqin bo'lgan 771 kvadrat metrlik bo'ronli Mk9ni aylantirdi. LAM Barri Xodgkinson zinapoyadan pastga 75 metr balandlikda qulagan ayolni qutqarish uchun tushirildi.

Seakingning paydo bo'lishi va uning chet el xalqlari orasida mashhurligi bilan, Culdrose o'qishga xorijiy havo kemalari oqimini ko'rdi. 1976 yilgacha Qirollik dengiz floti Norvegiya, Hindiston, G'arbiy Germaniya, Pokiston, Misr, Belgiya va Avstraliyadan havo kemalarini muvaffaqiyatli o'qitgan.

1978 yil fevral oyida ochiq sariq Seaking HAR3 va Qirollik havo kuchlari seaking o'quv bo'linmasi (RAFSTU) bazasiga keldi.

Original havo harakatini boshqarish minorasi.
Bu 90 -yillarning boshlarida katta minora bilan almashtirildi. 1970 -yillarda 705 kvadrat metrlik gavjum dispersiyada 24 ta samolyot rotorni ko'rsatdi! VA HOZIR SHAXSI TUG'ILISH UCHUN!
Bu men!
Graham G Matthews
705 kvadrat metrlik Gazel vertolyoti bilan yosh dengiz uchuvchisi sifatida, RNAS Culdrose, 1988 yil aprel.


21 -ASRDAGI KULDROS

Garchi yillar mobaynida urg'u qattiq qanotli qiruvchi samolyotlardan aylanadigan qanotga o'zgargan bo'lsa -da, bugungi kunda Aeroportning roli deyarli bir xil bo'lib qolmoqda.

Culdrose Buyuk Britaniyaning eng yirik harbiy vertolyot bazasi bo'lib qolmoqda va har xil turdagi samolyotlarni boshqaradigan ko'plab flotli havo qurolli bo'linmalariga ega.

Vertolyotda uchish bo'yicha asosiy mashg'ulotlar 705 -dengiz havo eskadroni shaklida 1997 yilda Shropshir shtatidagi RAF Shawbury shahridagi mudofaa vertolyotlari maktabiga ko'chib o'tdi. Oxirida Gazel Eurocopter AS350BB sincapiga almashtirildi.

Hozirgi vaqtda Culdrose -da Seaking va Merlin vertolyotlarining ikkita asosiy turi mavjud.

771 NAS SEAKING HAR5
Rasm BOB TURNER

Seaking -ning bir nechta versiyalari hali ham xizmatda. 771 dengiz -havo eskadroni HAR5 versiyasini qidirish va qutqarish (SAR) rolida boshqaradi. Bu qizil va kulrang rangli vertolyotlar yiliga 365 kun, 24 soat qo'ng'iroq qilib, Culdrosedan 250 mil radiusda joylashgan. Ular har yili yuzlab topshiriqlarni bajaradilar va son -sanoqsiz odamlarning hayotini saqlab qoladilar.

Culdrose-da qolgan dengiz qirollari asosan 849 NAS-ning ASaC7 modellari bo'lib, HQ Flt sohilda qoladi va 2 ta parvoz (A va B) bo'lib, ular tashuvchilarni "osmonda-osmonda" deb atashadi. .

824 dengiz -havo eskadroni 2000 yil 2 -iyunda operatsion bo'linmalarda Merlinni parvoz qiladigan va parvoz qiladigan parvozchilar va muhandislar uchun o'quv eskadroni sifatida ishga tushirildi.

814 Dengiz havo eskadroni va "8220" Uchayotgan yo'lbarslar "Merlin bilan 2001 yilda Merlin bilan qayta jihozlangan birinchi frontli eskadron edi.

2003 yilda 820 dengiz-havo eskadroni Merlinga, 2004 yilda esa 829 NASga qayta jihozlanishi kerak edi.

Culdrose -dagi asosiy qanot aktivlari tarkibiga navigatsiya, radio va radar texnikasi va taktik ko'nikmalarni o'z ichiga olgan front liniyasi bo'linmalari uchun kuzatuvchilarni tayyorlash uchun mas'ul 750 NAS -ning Jetstream T2 -lari kiritilgan.

JETSTREAM T2
Rasm BOB TURNER

2011 yilda Jetstream ’ -lar Beechcraft Super King Air 350ER (Qasoskor) samolyotlari bilan almashtirildi.

Beechcraft Super King Air 350ER (Qasoskor)

Filo talablari havo yo'nalishi bo'linmasi (FRADU) Hawks Qirollik dengiz floti uchun yuqori tezlikdagi vazifalarni bajaradi. Bu samolyotlar hanuzgacha RAFga tegishli va ularni faqat dengiz floti ijaraga olgan, ovchilik aviatsiyasi boshqaradi va tinch aholi tomonidan boshqariladi.

FRADU HAWK
Rasm BOB TURNER


"Amerika Ovozi" tarixi

1989 yilda Vixen Motor Company yopilganda, u ajoyib mashinani sotib olgan odamlarni texnik yordam yoki ehtiyot qismlarsiz qoldirdi. Bu fakt Vixen egalari uyushmasining (Amerika Ovozi) tuzilishiga sabab bo'ldi. Uyushmaning maqsadi o'zaro texnik yordam ko'rsatish va boshqa mulkdorlar bilan uchrashish uchun mavjud ijtimoiy imkoniyatlarni yaratish edi. U o'z missiyasini bajarganligi, 24 yillik faoliyatidan so'ng, hozirgi tashkilotning jonli tabiati bilan tasdiqlanadi.

Aslida, egalarining aytishicha, mashinalar zavoddan birinchi kelganidan ko'ra, hozir ham mexanik, ham qulaylik nuqtai nazaridan yaxshiroq. Buning katta qismi o'zaro ma'lumot almashish, xususiy tashkilotning qismlari va mexanik xizmatlari bilan bog'liq. Bu holat transport vositasining qiymatini "Moviy kitob" da ko'rsatilganidan ancha yuqori darajaga olib keldi.

"Amerika Ovozi" a'zolari o'rtasidagi muloqotni "Fox Prints" axborot byulleteni, texnik savollar va javoblarni joylashtirish uchun elektron forumga ega veb-sayt orqali va "Mag'rurlik" deb nomlangan mitinglarda yuzma-yuz muloqot orqali kengaytirdi. Bu ham rasmiy, ham texnik sessiyalarda, ham norasmiy tarzda saytga tashrif va suhbat orqali amalga oshiriladi. Bundan tashqari, ikkita asosiy turdagi avtotransport vositalariga texnik xizmat ko'rsatishni ta'minlaydigan ikkita video tasma ishlab chiqarildi. Axborot byulletenining orqa sonlari (boshidan joriy songacha) kompakt diskda mavjud. Elektron forum - bu murakkab texnik savollarga javob olish va bu javoblarni zudlik bilan olish uchun qimmatli manba.

"Amerika Ovozi" ning yana bir muhim qismi bu AQSh, Kanada, Angliya, Belgiya, Germaniya, Avstriya va Chili a'zolarining ijtimoiy o'zaro ta'siri. Bitta yillik yig'ilish va kamida uchta mintaqaviy "mag'rurlik" va "Den uchrashuvlari" deb nomlangan yana bir nechta norasmiy uchrashuvlar orqali uy egalari do'stlikni rivojlantirdilar, bu esa tashkilotni katta oilaga o'xshatadi. Uy egalari sayohat paytida boshqa a'zolarga qo'ng'iroq qilishlari mumkin va bu ko'pincha mexanik yoki boshqa muammolarni hal qilishga olib keladi. Mintaqaviy Pridelar mamlakatning turli burchaklarida o'tkazildi: Torontodan Galvestongacha, Key Vestdan San -Diyegoga, Oregondan Bostongacha va AQShning boshqa joylarida. Yillik yig'ilish odatda AQShning markazida bo'ladi, lekin ba'zida biroz chetga chiqadi. Santa Fe, Nyu -Meksiko Cave Siti, Kentukki Nashvill va Seviervillda (Tennessi shtati) yillik uchrashuvlar bo'lib o'tdi. masalan. "Den uchrashuvlari" - bu odatda Floridaning, Texasning va Kaliforniyaning dam olish uchun yig'iladigan kichik guruhi. Hamma hollarda, ko'ngilli mezbon bor, u lager, ovqat, sayohat va ko'ngilochar tadbirlarni tayyorlaydi. A'zolar xarajatlarni qoplash uchun haq to'laydilar.

"Amerika Ovozi" yillik yig'ilishda saylanadigan Direktorlar Kengashi a'zolari tomonidan boshqariladi. Kengash va xodimlarning barcha lavozimlari ixtiyoriydir. To'lovlar o'rtacha, Direktorlar kengashi tomonidan tavsiya etilgan va a'zolik tomonidan tasdiqlangan. Hozirda pulli a'zolarga har yili axborot byulletenining o'n bitta soni, barcha uchrashuv va mitinglarga kirish, Forumga kirish, yillar davomida ishlab chiqilgan texnik tajribaga kirish, hozirgi a'zolarning ro'yxatiga kirish, ovoz berish huquqlari va aniqlanmagan tinchlik kiradi. Siz yolg'iz emassiz, bilaman.

"Amerika Ovozi" - bu aholining turli kesimidir. Iqtisodiy va ijtimoiy maqom, ta'lim, din, irq, qobiliyat va temperamentning barcha qatlamlari vakillari bor. Hammasi ism asosida. Sizni bizga qo'shilishdan va tashkilot va Vixenning ajoyibligini his qilishdan mamnun bo'lamiz.

Tomonidan ishlab chiqarilgan
Vixen Motor kompaniyasi
ichida Pontiak Michigan 1986-1989 yillar
taniqli tomonidan Delorean dizayner Bill Kollinz.

2.4L 115 ot kuchiga ega BMW I6 M21 turbodizel

3.8L 165 ot kuchiga ega GM V6 3800 seriyali

Viksenlar - A sinfidagi motorli uylar, uzunligi 21 fut, kengligi 7 fut va og'irligi 5100 funt.


Vixen I tarixi - Tarix

VIXEN MOTOR UYLARI

Taxminan 587 ta Vixen 21 dvigatellari Vixen Motor Company tomonidan 1986-1989 yillarda Pontiac Michigan shtatidagi One Silverdome sanoat parkida ishlab chiqarilgan. Chakana savdo qiymati 40-53 ming dollarni tashkil etdi. Har bir model 22-30 mpg ni tashkil qiladi.

Vixens -ning uchta modeli yaratilgan:

  • 376 TD: (turbo dizel) yuk ko'tarish moslamasi
  • 172 SE: GM V6 gazli dvigateli va to'rt tezlikli avtomat o'qi bilan jihozlangan yuqori qismli avtomobil uylari.
  • 39 Limos: 5 tezlikda qo'lda uzatiladigan o'qga ega sobit tepalikli BMW dizel dvigateli

Uning motorli uy uchrashuvlariga quyidagilar kiradi:

Vixen - bu to'liq avtoulovli avtoulov, lekin oddiy RV -lardan bir qancha jihatlari bilan farq qiladi. ([Vixen 21 ning orqa tomonida to'liq to'shak bor!] Orqa tarafdagi standart o'lchamdagi ikki kishilik karavot. To'rt o'rindiqli dinetka old yo'lovchi o'rindig'ini aylantirish orqali yaratiladi. 600 vattli Sharp mikroto'lqinli pech va 1200 vattli yurak inverteri qirg'oq quvvatiga ulanmagan bo'lsa, murabbiy akkumulyatorlaridan 110 voltlik quvvatni ta'minlaydi. Murabbiy akkumulyatorlari 50 amperli, 3 bosqichli zaryadlash davriga ega bo'lgan inverter tomonidan quvvatlanadi. To'rt kubometrli Norcold muzlatgichi 12 V DC yoki 110 V AC quvvatida ishlaydi. 12 V DCda ishlaydigan Hi Fi AM/FM radio tasmasi. Variant sifatida erga ishlaydigan 110 V kuchlanishli Duo-termal konditsioner taklif qilindi. Oldin yo'lovchilar o'rindig'ining ostidagi 25 gallonli toza suv idishi. Vixen TD har qanday ixtiyoriy pishirgichlar uchun alkogol bilan ishlangan propan ishlatmaydi, xona issiqligi esa Webasto dizel bilan ishlaydigan sovutish suvi isitgichi bilan ta'minlanadi, bu ham galen ostidagi issiqlik almashtirgichli suv isitgichini ta'minlaydi. 18 gallon kulrang va 12 gallon qora suv idishi, oshxona va hammom pollari ostidan, chap tomondagi ramka. Ularning damping ulagichi va klapanlari korpusning chap orqa qopqog'ining orqasida. Uyingizda o'ng tomonga o'ralgan va orqa pog'onali havo kompressoridan ishlaydigan pnevmatik tirgak bilan ko'tarilgan. Ichki saqlash - bu olinadigan to'rtta savat va hammomning qarshisidagi shkaf, oshxona va yo'lovchilarning orqa o'rindig'i. Yo'lovchilar o'rindig'ining tagida va asboblar panelidagi ikkita qo'lqop qutisida oz miqdor mavjud

Uning avtotransport vositalarining xususiyatlari:

Payvandlangan po'latdan yasalgan ramka va qotishma koeffitsientiga ega noyob dizayndagi shisha tolali korpus

Vixen 21 Turbo Dizel (TD)


Model # 21TD xususiyatlari

  • 2,4 litrli, 6 silindrli turbo dizel dvigatel (115 ot kuchi 4800 rpm)
  • 5 tezlikli qo'lda haddan tashqari haydash
  • 4 g'ildirakli mustaqil osma
  • Tilt g'ildiragi - kruiz nazorati
  • Dash havo

  • Quvvat boshqaruvi
  • Yurak interfeysi quvvat inverteri
  • 110 voltli elektr simini ulash
  • Avtomatik ishlaydigan uyingizda xonasi 6'6 dyuymgacha ko'tariladi.
  • Mikroto'lqinli pech

  • 4 kubometrli elektr sovutgich
  • 4 kishilik kechki ovqat uchun joy
  • To'liq o'lchamli doimiy ikki kishilik to'shak, orqa tomonda
  • Lavabo, dush, dush bilan jihozlangan maxsus hammom
  • Markaziy 110V konditsioner (ixtiyoriy)

Vixen 21 XC

Model # 21XC xususiyatlari

    2,4 litrli, 6 silindrli turbo dizel dvigatel (115 ot kuchi 4800 rpm)

Vixen 21 SE

Model № 21SE xususiyatlari

    3,8 litr, ketma-ket yonilg'i quyilgan V-6 (165 ot kuchi 4800 rpm)


HW35 tarixi

HW35 mening birinchi pnevmatik miltig'im edi va ehtimol bu mening oxirgi o'qim bo'ladi! Menga o'xshab, bu tish uzunligida, uning yoshini ko'rsatib turibdi, lekin itarishga kelganda, u hali ham yaxshi ov tajribasini ta'minlay oladi.

Birinchidan, men bilaman, bug'doylar bugungi kunda biroz eskirgan, lekin shuning uchun men ularni yaxshi ko'raman, ular sizni o'yiningizni olish uchun ko'p mehnat qilishga majburlaydilar, chunki ular kechirimsiz bo'lishi mumkin. Men ovchi tishlarimni o'smirligimda Jon Pauellning qurolsozidan sotib olgan .22 HW35 ustidan kesib tashladim va menga 50 funt sterling to'ladim. Men faqat jinsiy yo'l bilan yuqadigan kasalliklar modelini sotib olishim mumkin edi, lekin men eski qurol bilan ov qilish, ballistik va to'g'ri ushlab turish haqida ko'p narsalarni o'rgandim.

Men hali ham HW35ni yaxshi ko'raman va garchi uslublar charchagan deb hisoblansa -da, ishlash, kuch va aniqlik bugungi kunda ham dolzarb bo'lib qolmoqda. Men HW35 tarixini biroz chuqurroq o'rganishga qaror qildim va tez orada qiziqarli maxsus qo'shimchalarni topdim va bugungi kunda ham yangi variantlar ishlab chiqarilmoqda, chunki HW35 hali ham yaxshi sotuvchi.

Tarix

1899 yil Germaniyaning Zella-Mehlis shahrida Hermann Veyxrauch o'z biznesini boshlagan yil edi. Hayot miltiq va to'pponcha bilan boshlandi, keyin velosiped qismlari, miltiq emas. Urushdan keyin, chegaralar eski fabrikani rus qo'liga topshirganidan keyingina, Hermann Junior biznesni Mellrichstadtga ko'chirdi va hozir ham shu erda.

Birinchi pnevmatik qurol 1950 -yillarda paydo bo'la boshladi va bu silliq teshikli HW50 edi, chunki hozirda miltiqli o'qlarga ham, miltiq miltiqlariga ham ruxsat berilmagan. Shunday qilib, Veyxrauch shunday deb o'yladi: men eng yaxshi pnevmatik miltiqlarni tayyorlab qo'yaman va aytishim kerakki, u bu maqsadiga erishdi. HW35 to'liq o'lchamli miltiq miltig'i 1951 yilda paydo bo'lgan va bugungi kunda ham ishlab chiqarilmoqda, ichki dizayn va materiallardan tashqari dizayndagi o'zgarishlar juda oz. HW35 - bu ov qilish uchun munosib kuchga ega, ammo juda yaxshi aniqlikka erisha oladigan, klassik o'qli, bahorli miltiq.

Weihrauchs juda yaxshi qurilgan, bunga hech qanday shubha yo'q, ular juda ko'p muhandislik bilan ishlangan, bu juda yaxshi, chunki ko'pchilik pnevmatik qurolbozlar juda zo'ravonliklarga toqat qilishlari kerak.

Dizayn

HW35 o'ziga xos dizaynga ega va garchi u yangi HW95 yoki HW85 kabi jozibali bo'lmasa ham, u o'ziga xos jozibaga ega, menimcha, shunday! Standart HW35 uzunligi 44,75 dyuym edi va diametri 0,586 dyuymli va faqat .177 yoki .22 kalibrli 19,75 dyuymli barrelga ega edi. Vintli erlar oltita, o'ng qo'li bilan 16,5 dyuymli burilish tezligi 1 ga teng. Pellet etagining deformatsiyasini kamaytirish uchun ular juda sayoz erlardir. Boshqa modellar, masalan, Eksport 22 dyuymli bochka kiygan va keyinchalik karbin (yoki Karbin) modellarida 16 dyuymli bochkalar bor edi.

Ochiq diqqatga sazovor joylar bochkaga bashoratli bashorat orqali biriktiriladi, Veyxrauch besh elementli tizimni almashtiradi. Qayta ko'rib chiqish bir xil darajada yaxshi edi, barcha metall ishlab chiqarish, balandlik va shamolni sozlash, qattiq bosish va eski modellarda bitta U burchakli element. Bugungi kunda bu to'rt pog'onali aylanadigan element. Ular o'nlab yillar davomida o'zgarmadi, garchi yangi HW35 orqa tomondan biroz yopiq bo'lsa ham.

Kamar va tayanchlar

HW35 ni birodaru opa -singillaridan va raqiblaridan ajratib turadigan asosiy xarakterli dizayn - bu barrel qulflash mexanizmi. Bu marmitlar ishi, ba'zilari dizaynning tashqi ko'rinishi va noqulayligidan nafratlanadi, men uni yaxshi ko'raman va uning mustahkam qulfini qadrlayman. Katta bochka tutqichi bochka qabul qilgich blokining chap tomonida joylashgan va yaxshi yivli, chiqadigan bo'shatilgan bo'lib, chap qo'lning bosh barmog'i bilan yaxshi bajariladi, barmoqlar esa barrelning tepasida yotadi. Oldinga siljiganidan so'ng, barrel tushishi va HW35ni silkitishi mumkin. Barrel batareyaga qaytarilganda, dumaloq tutqichning pastki qirrasi havo silindrining yuzasi bo'ylab silliq siljiydi va keyin mahkam o'rnashadi.

Bu juda yaxshi fikr, chunki Axilles tovonining poshnali har doim bochka va havo tsilindrining yuzalarini birlashtirgan. HW35, HW55 singari, har xil qulflash mexanizmlariga ega, lekin ularning har biri aniqlik va izchillikni saqlash uchun takrorlanadigan qattiq qulfni ta'minlash uchun mo'ljallangan.

Bochka tushadi, omad! Shunga qaramay, Weihrauch, barrelda o'rnatilgan burilish bor, odamlar uni egilgan deb o'ylashadi, lekin u shunday bo'lishi kerak, agar u to'g'ri yoki biroz ko'tarilgan bo'lsa, ha, u egilgan. Odatda kompensatsiya qilish uchun sizga kompensatsiya doirasi o'rnatilgan bo'lishi kerak.

Hikoya quyida davom etadi.

Eski modellarda menikiga o'xshagan yana bir g'alati narsa, bochkaning bo'g'ilishidan g'ijirlatuvchi "qarsillagan" shovqin edi. U aniq ifodalangan va siz HW35 -ni xo'roz qilib qo'yganingizda, bo'g'in bahorgi kuchlanish ostida qabul qilgichga tegib turardi. Bu ulanishga kiritilgan rolik yordamida davolandi. Havo tsilindrining diametri 1,36 dyuym, HW55-ning 1,17 dyuymli kattaroq versiyasi va tormoz moslamasi joylashgan katta vintli vilkasi bor. Bochkada bo'lgani kabi, u yaxshi ko'k rangga ega, porloq emas, lekin bardoshli.

Eski 35 piston teridan yasalgan muhrdan foydalangan va quvvati 10,5 fut/lb atrofida bo'lgan. Mening asl HW35 -da bitta muhr bor edi va u pistonning yuqori qismiga mahkamlangan va egiluvchan ekan, u ishonchli edi. Keyinchalik u sintetik muhr bilan almashtirildi, bu yanada samaraliroq. Bahor - bu odatiy dumaloq profil, lekin kutilganidek, bozorni almashtirish juda ko'p, Titan va Ox ko'p egalariga kerak bo'ladigan qo'shimcha narsalarni talab qiladi.

Bahor yo'riqnomasi po'latdir va buloq atrofidagi yog'ni ushlab turadigan piston qisqichi yo'q, lekin u sozlashga yaxshi javob beradigan, bomba o'tkazmaydigan tizim. Oxirgi qopqoq qulfni burab qo'yadi va xizmat ko'rsatish uchun ichki qismni bo'shatadi, lekin u bosim ostida, shuning uchun ehtiyot bo'ling! Bundan tashqari, dumaloq dumaloq o'rnatish raylari to'g'ridan-to'g'ri qabul qilgich va tepa qopqog'ining yuqori qismiga kesilganligi sababli, siz qayta mahkamlaganingizda ular bir-biriga mos kelishi kerak. Eski modellarda 13 mm dumli dumli, yangi versiyalarda standart kengligi 11 mm bo'lgan. Bundan tashqari, bugungi kunda eski modellarda xavfsizlik kamari yo'q edi, so'nggi blokning chap orqa qismida joylashgan tutqich avtomatik ravishda burilishni o'rnatadi, lekin uni qayta o'rnatib bo'lmaydi.

Endi toj shuhrati, Rekord tetik birligi. Menga o'xshagan ko'plab ovchilar yoki o'q otuvchilar HW35 ni tanlashining sababi shundaki, uning tetiği bozordagi boshqa narsalardan ancha ustun edi. Bu gugurt sifatiga yaqin va birinchi va ikkinchi bosqich va nozik tortish vaznini sozlash uchun sozlanishi. Tetik hali hamon saqlanib qolmoqda va HW35 ning aniqligi va jozibadorligiga hissa qo'shmoqda.

Aksiya

HW35 aktsiyadorlik dizaynining bir nechta mujassamlashuviga ega. Asosiy yoki standart modelda beech sporter zaxirasi bor. Oldingi modellarda o'ziga xos yumaloq to'pponcha ushlagichi bor, bugun u tekis. Qaytish yostig'i dastlab plastinka, keyin qizil kauchuk edi, endi u jigarrang kauchuk.

STD versiyasida cheekpiece yo'q, lekin Luxus -da Bavariya uchun yoqimli chelakka bor edi va Deluxe modelida yonoq qismi ko'tarilgan edi. Eksport modelida klassik tushirilgan nazorat belgisi bor edi. Oddiy modelga hech qanday chequering yo'q edi, lekin eski Luxus, Bavariya cheekpiep bilan, to'pponcha ushlagichini yaxshi kesgan edi. Eksklyuziv model, Luxus va Deluxe bilan, yong'oq zaxiralariga ega edi, shuningdek, eksportda to'pponcha ushlagichi va oq plastmassali qora plastmassa qopqog'i bor edi.

Oynaning uzunligi bo'ylab HW35 tipidagi barmoqli yiv bor, u tekis modellardan tashqari barcha modellarga xosdir. Biroq, barcha versiyalarda, bochka ushlagichining uzun burilish yoyini bajarishiga imkon berish uchun, chap tomonning old qismi odatiy kesilgan. Ba'zilarga bu yoqmaydi, chunki zaxiralar HW80 va HW95 me kabi modellarda yaxshi ko'rinadigan bochka qabul qilgichi menteşasidan o'tib keta olmaydi, menga bu odatiy HW35 yoqadi.

Cheklangan nashrlar

Men yoqtirgan HW35 nashri HW35LS yoki Lochschaft bo'lishi kerak, bu 1977 yilda ochilgan teshikli tuynukli versiya edi. Eslatib o'taman, Londonlik Lesli Bowler bularni 70 funtga sotdi va men tasodifan yaqinda LSni oldim. Bu juda zo'r, u Weihrauchda hali ham mavjud bo'lgan, ammo hamma narsa sezish va ergonomikaga bog'liq bo'lgan tumblug konstruktsiyalariga xos "styling" uslubiga ega. Shunga qaramay, cheekpiece yo'q, shuning uchun ham chap yoki o'ng fahişalar uchun juda yaxshi katta teshik, otish juda qulay va yoqimli. Bu zaxiradan kesilgan paypoqqa juda ehtiyot bo'lish kerak, chunki u odatdagidan kattaroq, pastki qismi esa juda nozik va oson singan.
1986 yilda Weihrauch HW35 ning Safari versiyasini ham chiqardi, uni hozir topish juda qiyin. Bu deyarli laminali 3D effektini beradigan yashil laklangan olxa zaxirasi bilan darhol taniydi, bu menga yoqadi. Metall, shuningdek, zerikarli yoki to'q ko'k rangda yoki deyarli Parkerised bilan qoplangan bo'lib, porlashni to'xtatadi va yashil rangdagi charmdan yasalgan sling ham qo'shilgan.

HW35 STL yoki zanglamaydigan po'latdan yasalgan ko'rinish 2004 yilda ishlab chiqarilgan bo'lib, u qora sintetik zaxiraga ega edi, garchi u menga qora bo'yalgan olxa zaxirasi va nikel bilan ish va barreldan tayyor ko'rinsa ham.

2006 yilda, 55 yillik ishlab chiqarishni nishonlash uchun, Weihrauch Yubiley 55 nashri deb nomlangan, faqat .22 kalibrli, 1000 HW35s bilan cheklangan miqdorda chop etilgan. Bu juda o'ziga xos edi, 16 dyuymli barrelga o'rnatilgan ovozli moderator va "Yubiley 55" yozuvi oltin bilan o'yilgan. Eng yaxshisi, ko'k, yashil va ohak yashil rangli, ammo HW35 shaklidagi dizaynga ega bo'lgan psixedelik zanjir edi. O'ylaymanki, ular shu qadar mashhur ediki, 1000 sotilgandan so'ng, KLS (Karbine laminate stock) deb nomlangan shunga o'xshash model ishlab chiqarildi va shu tarzda belgilandi.

AQSh mijozlari uchun boshqa turli xil versiyalar mavjud, masalan, nikelli HW35E, bu juda zo'r ko'rinishga ega va Norman May Vixenni unutmasligimiz kerak, u alohida, ichki qismlari va nikel bilan o'ralgan plyonka va Vixen bilan jihozlangan. qabul qiluvchining o'ng tomoniga o'yilgan. "Venom" versiyalarida yuqori aniqlik va kuchga ega bo'lgan juda zerikarli dizaynlar va ultra silliq, to'liq quvvatli maxsus ichki qismlar mavjud edi.

Bozordan keyingi bitlar

HW35 seriyali pnevmatik miltiqlarning bardoshli fazilatlari tufayli, siz tasavvur qilganingizdek, unga zaxira buyumlar va sozlash moslamalari yaxshi xizmat qiladi. TW Chambers va Jon Knibbs kabi firmalarda juda ko'p ehtiyot qismlar mavjud va HW35 uchun to'plamlar o'rnatiladi va, albatta, Hull Cartridge Company Weihrauch -ning haqiqiy ehtiyot qismlarini saqlaydi. Qadimgi buloqlar va metall buloq qo'llanmalarini sintetik va almashtirgichli silindrlarga almashtirish orqali HW35 -ni sozlash bilan bir qatorda, buloqning bo'shashishi va quvvatini, pistonli/kamonli qisqichlarni, orqaga qaytaruvchi tetiklarni va zaxiralarni ham olish mumkin. . V-Mach, shuningdek, maxsus tayyorlangan HW35 sozlash moslamasini taklif qiladi va o'z V-Tech moderatorini chindan ham mazali ko'rinadigan vintli kesilgan karbina bochkasiga moslashtirishi mumkin. Stiv Papa, shuningdek, pulga arziydigan, Rekord tetiklantiruvchi himoyalanadigan xavfsizlik sozlamalarini taklif qiladi.

Xulosa

Eng chiroyli emas, lekin, albatta, ixtiro qilingan bahor miltig'ining eng bardoshli dizaynlaridan biri. Men hech qachon HW35 bilan egalik qilmasligimni yoki ov qilmasligimni tasavvur qila olmayman, yangi kelgan, tajribali otishma yoki o'smirlik yillarini qaytadan o'tkazmoqchi bo'lgan odam uchun, HW35 - sizga kerak bo'lgan yagona bahor.


Papaning qizi

Lucreziyaning otasi Rodrigo de Borja (Borgiya deb o'zgartirilgan) 1431 yilda Ispaniyada tug'ilgan va Italiyaning Bolonya shahrida ta'lim olgan, u erda yuridik diplom olgan.

Uning amakisi Papa Callixtus III etib saylanganda, cherkovdagi hayot Rodrigo uchun muvaffaqiyat sari yo'l ochib berdi, u tezda o'z safiga ko'tarildi.

O'sha paytda nepotizm keng tarqalgan edi, lekin Rodrigo ko'plab zamondoshlaridan farqli o'laroq, o'zini aqlli, iqtidorli ma'ruzachi va iqtidorli ma'mur sifatida ko'rsatdi.

Rodrigo Papa Aleksandr VI bo'lganida, u bu vazifaga tengligini isbotladi.

XV asr Rim -katolik cherkovi rahbarlari turmush qurmaslik haqidagi qasamlarini qoida emas, balki ko'rsatma sifatida ko'rib chiqishgan.

Hozirgi kabi, ruhoniylar, episkoplar, kardinallar va papalar uylanmagan, lekin bu ularning ba'zilari jinsiy aloqada bo'lmaganligini anglatmaydi.

Lucrezia Borgia -ning otasi o'ziga xos bo'lgan, chunki u bir nechta ayollardan tug'ilgan bolalarni o'z farzandlari deb bilgan, ularga g'amxo'rlik qilgan va ularning ta'limi va rivojlanishiga katta qiziqish bilan qaragan.

Lucrezia Aleksandr va uning bekasi, uch marta uylangan Vannozza (Jovanna) dei Kattaneydan tug'ilgan uchinchi bola edi. Er -xotinning boshqa bolalari - Sezare (1475 yilda tug'ilgan), Jovanni, aka Xuan (1476 yilda tug'ilgan) va Gioffre (1481 yoki 1482 yilda tug'ilgan).

Lukreziyaning katta akasi Sezare Borgiya kitobning ilhomlantiruvchisi bo'lganligi aytiladi Shahzoda Makiavelli tomonidan.


Sea Vixen tarixi

Birinchi marta 1951 yilda parvoz qilgan Sea Vixen, de Havillandning qirollik dengiz flotining har qanday ob -havo qiruvchisiga bo'lgan ehtiyojiga javobi edi. Keyinchalik, RAF ham Sea Vixen -ni sotib olishga qiziqish bildirdi. Sea Vixen -ning o'ziga xos dizayni "egizak bum" dumiga ega edi, u fyuzelyajni dvigatellarning issiq chiqindi gazlaridan uzoqlashtirishda samarali edi. Sea Vixen va Britaniyaning birinchi deltali qanotli qiruvchi raqibi Gloster Javelin o'rtasida RAF shartnomasi uchun qattiq raqobat bor edi.

"Sea Vixen" ning asosiy raqibi, Gloster nayzasi. Mualliflik huquqi Richard Vandervord

Despite promising progress, disaster struck at the 1952 Farnborough airshow. A Sea Vixen, showcasing its ability to go supersonic at low level, broke apart in mid-air. Debris struck portions of the crowd, killing 31 people on the ground as well as the two pilots in the aircraft. In the aftermath of the disaster, sweeping changes were imposed for airshows in the UK, to prevent similar accidents from ever happening. Since 1952, no member of the public has been killed at a UK airshow until the tragic events of the 2015 Shoreham airshow.

The 1952 Farnborough Airshow, where a Sea Vixen would tragically crash. Copyright SDASM archives

The Farnborough incident was a huge blow for the Sea Vixen. Investigations into the crash revealed the cause was the leading edge of the wing failing in the face of huge aerodynamic stresses, causing a breakup of the aircraft. De Havilland promptly redesigned the wing, and no further Sea Vixens were lost in this manner. The RAF also declined to purchase the Sea Vixen, instead favouring the Gloster Javelin.

However not all was lost, as the Royal Navy purchased 110 Sea Vixens, to replace its aging fleet of Sea Venoms. The first Sea Vixen equipped squadron was formed in July 1959.

Although not involved in any official war, the Sea Vixen took part in several operations during the 1960’s, most commonly defusing anti-British tension in Africa and the Middle East. Replaced by the American-built F4 Phantom, the last Sea Vixens left the Royal Navy in 1972, although a small number continued on in life as target drones.

A Sea Vixen in service with the Royal Navy. Copyright US Navy

One Sea Vixen, XP924 (or G-CVIX) remains airworthy. Initially flying in a garish sponsor livery, XP924 has since been repainted to its original Royal Navy livery. Thrilling crowds at airshows across the country, XP924 is one of the only British-built multi-engined jets in airworthy condition. However, this all came to a head in May 2017, when she suffered a hydraulic failure following a display. In an incredible act of airmanship, the pilot managed to perform a belly landing on the runway. Although the pilot escaped injury, the aircraft suffered significant damage. G-CVIX is currently awaiting repairs, and the future remains uncertain.


Vixen

Mari McCabe is a Zambesi-born American businesswoman and model. She fights crime as Vixen with the aid of the Tantu Totem that allows her to wield the powers of the animal kingdom.

Kelib chiqishi

In ancient Africa, there was a legend that the warrior Tantu asked Anansi the Spider to create a totem that would give the wearer all of the powers of the animal kingdom, if they would use the power to protect the innocent. It is possible that the "Anansi" who Tantu met, may have been a member of the alien race who gave Buddy Baker the ability to tap the Morphogenetic Field. Mari's Tantu totem may tap into that same field. Tantu used the totem to become the first legendary hero of Africa. The totem was later passed down to Tantu's descendants until it reached the McCabes.

Growing up in a small African village, Mari Jiwe McCabe heard the legend of the Tantu Totem from her parents. She was the daughter of Reverend Richard Jiwe, the village priest, who was her sole caretaker, as poachers, lead by a man named Kwesi, killed her mother years ago. Reverend Jiwe himself was killed by his half-brother (Mari's uncle) General Maksai. Makasai wanted the Tantu Totem, which had been in Reverend Jiwe's possession.

Now orphaned, she fled to America. She set up an identity for herself as Mari McCabe and used her beauty to become a well-known fashion model in New York City. She used her newfound wealth to travel the world. On a trip back to Africa, she came across her uncle, and stole back the Tantu Totem, using its power to become the Vixen.

Justice League of America

After this, Vixen made only two appearances as a solo crime fighter: once fighting poachers in India and then against the techno-psycho criminal, Admiral Cerebrus. In fact, she was a reluctant hero until the Justice League of America was reorganized by Aquaman. She applied for full-time League membership and was accepted. During her time with the JLA, the totem was taken from her by General Maksai, who still sought its power. The totem would only grant its full power to those who would use it to protect the innocent, and caused it Maksai to be transformed into a raging beast. Maksai was killed in battle with Vixen. Vixen continued with that particular incarnation of the JLA until it was disbanded by the Martian Manhunter.

Suicide Squad

When the League disbanded, Vixen returned to modeling but a Caribbean photo session turned violent, and Mari's colleagues were killed by drug smugglers. She appealed to the government, who turned the matter over to the Suicide Squad. Going undercover to capture the drug kingpin Cujo. Along with Captain Boomerang and Black Orchid, she destroyed the operation, but not before she lost control and killed the criminal kingpin, too. Revolted by what she had become, she agreed to work with the Squad until her animal instincts could be curbed.

She worked with the Squad for some time, although when it was disbanded for a year Mari returned to modeling and even launched a successful line of clothing. Her failed romance with Ben Turner (the Bronze Tiger) made Vixen decline an offer to rejoin the Squad but sensing a chance to help the tortured Turner, Vixen reluctantly agreed to return and served through the end of its existence. She ultimately gave up on a future with the Tiger, sensing that he would never admit to needing help.

Yirtqich qushlar

After the Suicide Squad's heyday, Mari continued to do undercover work. She was drafted for at least one mission for Checkmate (the Squad's brother organization). At some point, she signed on to work with Oracle's Birds of Prey. She went undercover to investigate a strange "superhero" cult, where the leader was able to mind-control her. The Huntress tried to help her and was nearly killed by Vixen, but Vixen regained her senses and used the stubbornness of a mule to hold back the mind-control of the cult leader. She and Huntress then rescued the other brainwashed heroes.

Justice League Task Force

Vixen may still have trouble controlling her animal side while using the totem, as witnessed when she worked alongside the Flash to stop Gorilla Grodd. She also served on one mission with the Justice League Task Force came to Wonder Woman's aid during a battle with Circe and helped her former JLA comrades protect Lex Luthor. She then joined the loose-knit Ultramarine Corps until they moved on to another universe.

Identity Crisis

During the Identity Crisis she was at the side of Firestorm while battling the Shadow Thief, and Firestorm was impaled by the Shining Knight's sword, which the Shadow Thief had stolen. The magical sword ruptured the nuclear man's containment field, resulting in Firestorm's body exploding. For killing Firestorm, the Shadow Thief was prosecuted by Kate Spencer (a.k.a. Manhunter IX), and Vixen testified during the trial.

One Year Later

Vixen was lured to a bar in Hub City, by a supposed note sent by the Question. When arriving at the bar, she was ambushed by the Electrocutioner and Plastique. Plastique quickly grabbed her Totem from around her waist and escaped with Electrocutioner in a Boom Tube as Plastique destroyed the bar. Mari managed to pull herself from the wreckage as she began to lose control of her powers, due to the Totem missing and unable to channel them properly.

After hours of being free with her powers, forgetting almost all her memories including her name, Vixen began to regain control as she remembered the Totem being stolen from her. Latching on to being human, she began her pursuit of finding her missing Totem. As she searched, a stinging pain hit her as Arsenal shot the android Amazo in the back, where her Totem was implanted by Professor Ivo. Vixen immediately located it and used the powers of a falcon to tear through Amazo and grab her totem.

Before the battle, Vixen was considered by Superman to be part of the League, however, both Batman and Wonder Woman felt she was not ready for the League. Nonetheless, due to her part in defeating Amazo, Vixen was invited to be on the new Justice League of America, now located in Washington, D.C., along with the other heroes present during the battle with Amazo.

Justice League of America

Not long after a couple of missions Vixen noticed a change in her powers which means she is no longer drawing on animal characteristics but rather the powers of those around her, matching their skill levels and, she suspects, draining powers from the owners themselves. Superman is first to catch on to this and she subsequently reveals it to Red Arrow.

Later she seeks out her former Suicide Squad teammate Bronze Tiger to discuss her situation, and subsequently admits everything to the League. Chairperson Black Canary instructs her to hand in her credentials and removes her from the team, but then discusses with Mari the possibility of seeking Zatanna's assistance in fixing the properties of the totem.

When Zatanna attempts to find the source of the problem, she sees a mystic image of Vixen and Animal Man as puppets. When she tries to break the spell, she is repelled by an unknown force. When Vixen attempts to defeat the newly-restored Amazo by absorbing all his stolen powers, she becomes mysteriously weak. She falls unconcious, with Amazo bearing down on her. Amazo is later defeated and Vixen departs to visit Animal Man with other JLA members to seek help for her condition.

Anansi's Game

Vixen and the other JLA members along with Animal Man are taken inside the Tantu Totem, where the Trickster God Anansi reweaves history so that the current form of the JLA never came about. Vixen escapes and teams up with an alternate history JLA in order to combat Anansi only for him to change them. She uses her last gambit and threatens the destruction of the tantu totem unless Anansi fixes what he has done, he relents.

It is then that Anansi explains that while he controls the stories inside the totem, the world outside the totum is changing. The alteration of the universe worries him, as great damage can be done. He only manipulated Vixen so that he can make her into the type of person she needs to be, so that that she is prepared for what is to come. He then returns the JLA back to normal and and gives her the powers back as they were.

Return of the Lion

Vixen returns to her home village for the first time in years only to find that Kwesi, the man who killed her mother, has taken over many of the local Zambesi villages. Vixen easily dispatches a number of Kwesi's troops showing the villagers her powers in the process. Many of the villagers, now fearful of her supernatural nature, ask her to leave so that she does not bring Kwesi's wrath on the village. Vixen soon confronts Kwesi directly and is surprised to find that he has powers of his own. Kwesi shows speed power and claws that rival anything Vixen possesses. He is able to severely wound her after their initial engagement. Vixen finds that she has great trouble healing the wounds, which turn out to be poisoned. While in her injured state, her JLA communicator is activated, and the Justice League travels to Africa to assist her.

Vixen later finds out that Kwesi is being funded by Intergang and that his powers are actually produced by advanced technology and chemicals. One of these chemicals, a Vodun zombie potion modified to be effective against Superman, infects the Kryptonian and Black Canary. Whisper A'Daire turns out to be the head of the this Intergang plot, and through the uses of the zombie potion takes control of the two heroes and turns them against their fellow Leaguers.

The Superhero Database Classification number, or SHDB Class, is a number that represents the overall 'power' of a character. All traits of a character are used for calculating the Classification.

What it DOESN'T mean

This doesn't mean that a higher class would always beat a lower class character. But the bigger the difference in Class is, the more obvious it is who'll win in a fight.

How is this calculated
Super Power Score and Level

Every Super Power has a score (SPS) that is used to calculate the Class. Each Super Power also has 3 levels (SPL). The level is set when connecting that Super Power to a character. The level determines the final score, of the Super Power, being used in the calculation.


History of Vixen I - History

Versions History

  • Version 2.48:
    • Added toolbar button to the 'Display QR Code' option.
    • Fixed bug: When using the /SaveDirect command-line option, the 'Visited From' column contained incorrect value.
    • Added 'Copy QR Code' option (Under the Edit menu), which allows you to copy the QR Code image to the clipboard.
    • Updated to work properly in high DPI mode.
    • Added support for Brave Web browser.
    • Added 'Display QR Code' option (Under the View menu): When it's turned on, QR Code of the selected URL is displayed in the lower pane, and you can use QR Code Reader app on your Smartphone to instantly open the URL in the Web browser of your Smartphone.
    • Fixed the /cfg command-line option to load the .cfg file from the current directory if full path is not specified.
    • Added new date/time filter: 'Load history items from the following time range and date range (separately)'. Masalan. You can search browsing history items that their modified date is between 01/01/2019 - 01/01/2020 and their modified time is between 02:00 - 04:00.
    • Added button on the toolbar to delete Chrome / Firefox history records.
    • Added 'Delete Selected History Records' option (Ctrl+Delete), which allows you to delete individual history records of Chrome and Firefox Web browsers (Including Web browsers that use the same history database of Chrome/Firefox, like Waterfox, SeaMonkey, Vivaldi, and so on. )
    • Other Web browsers are not supported.
    • Added new columns: 'History File' and 'Record ID'.
    • Added 'Double-Click Action' option, which allows you to choose what to do when you double-click on history item - Open properties window or open the URL in Web browser.
    • Added support for Waterfox Web browser.
    • Added option to specify the time range in local time (Instead of GMT).
    • BrowsingHistoryView now automatically detects the Chromium-based Edge Web browser.
    • You can now specify environment variables in the history files of the 'Load history from the specified history files' option.
    • Fixed to work with Firefox 61.0
    • Added support for Pale Moon Web browser.
    • Added new options to the 'Quick Filter' feature.
    • The remote computer name ('Load history from remote computer' option ) is now saved in the .cfg file. Also, you can set the remote computer from command-line with /ComputerName command-line option.
    • Added new option: 'Automatically stop the cache task of IE10/IE11/Edge for unlocking the database file.' If this option is turned on - BrowsingHistoryView automatically stops the 'CacheTask' Scheduled task to unlock the database file of IE10/IE11/Edge (WebCacheV01.dat).
    • When you use the 'Load history from remote computer' option, BrowsingHistoryView will stop the 'CacheTask' Scheduled task on the remote computer, so you'll be able to view the history of IE10/IE11/Edge remotely.
    • Added 'Load history from remote computer' option in 'Advanced Options' window. Be aware that this option works only when you have full admin access to the remote computer. Also, the history of IE10/IE11 is only available before the user logged-on to the system, because after the log-on the history database of IE10/IE11 is locked.
    • Fixed bug: 'Copy Selected Items' worked improperly when setting the 'Unicode/Ascii Save Mode' to 'Always UTF-8'.
    • Added 'Visit Type' column for Chrome and Firefox Web browsers. (Link, Typed URL, Bookmark, and so on)
    • Added 'Quick Filter' feature (View -> Use Quick Filter or Ctrl+Q). When it's turned on, you can type a string in the text-box added under the toolbar and BrowsingHistoryView will instantly filter the history table, showing only lines that contain the string you typed.
    • Fix bug: When using /SaveDirect command-line option, the file was always saved according to the default encoding, instead of using the selected encoding in Options -> Save File Encoding.
    • Added support for Vivaldi Web browser.
    • When 'Load history from the specified profiles folder' option is selected, the folders combo-box is filled with the profiles folders stored in shadow copies of your hard drive. When loading history from shadow copies, you may find history items older than what you can find in your current system.
    • Added secondary sorting support: You can now get a secondary sorting, by holding down the shift key while clicking the column header. Be aware that you only have to hold down the shift key when clicking the second/third/fourth column. To sort the first column you should not hold down the Shift key.
    • Fixed bug: BrowsingHistoryView crashed when using the find option while the last item was selected.
    • You can now choose the desired encoding (ANSI, UTF-8, UTF-16) to save the csv/xml/text/html files. (Under the Options menu)
    • Added new option to the 'Advanced Options' window: Load only URLs contain one of the specified strings (comma-delimited list).
    • Added new option to the 'Advanced Options' window: Don't load URLs that contain one of the specified strings (comma-delimited list).
    • The 'Web Browser' column now displays 'Internet Explorer 10/11 / Edge' for items of IE10/IE11/Edge (In previous versions it displayed 'Internet Explorer 10')
    • Added support for Yandex Web browser.
    • The properties window is now larger and resizable.
    • Added option to skip duplicate URLs that their visit time difference is less than xx seconds. (In 'Advanced Options' window) Sometimes, A web browser may record a Web page visit multiple times with a difference of a few seconds, even when the Web page was visited only once. This option allows you to hide these duplicate history records.
    • Added support for Microsoft Edge/Project Spartan (On Windows 10).
    • Fixed issue: When Internet Explorer 10/11 was opened by multiple users, BrowsingHistoryView displayed all history records of IE 10/11 multiple times.
    • Fixed issue: When loading large amount of history items, some actions, like selecting items and copying selected items to the clipboard were very slow.
    • Added 'Typed Count' column (Only relevant to Chrome Web browser).
    • Fixed issue: On some systems, BrowsingHistoryView failed to read the history of IE10/IE11 from WebCacheV01.dat
    • BrowsingHistoryView now detects the portable version of Firefox if it's running in the background.
    • Added 'URL Length' column.
    • Added 'Load history items from the last xx minutes' to the 'Advanced Options' window.
    • Fixed bug: BrowsingHistoryView failed to remember the last size/position of the main window if it was not located in the primary monitor.
    • Added support for Opera (Version 15 or later).
    • Added 'Browser Profile' column, which displays the folder name of the Web browser profile (For Firefox and Chrome Web browsers).
    • Added 'Save Configuration To File' and 'Load Configuration From File' options.
    • Fixed bug: When getting history information from a remote computer and both local computer and remote computer have IE10 or IE11, BrowsingHistoryView displayed the IE10/IE11 history of the local computer. (Be aware that BrowsingHistoryView cannot display the IE10/IE11 history of a remote computer while the WebCacheV01.dat file on the remote computer is locked)
    • Fixed to find the correct item when typing the string you want to search into the main List View.
    • Added 'Load history from the specified history files' option in the 'Advanced Options' window.
    • Fixed bug from v1.43: BrowsingHistoryView stopped working on Windows 2000.
    • Fixed to display date/time values according to daylight saving time settings.
    • Added /cfg command-line option, which instructs BrowsingHistoryView to use a config file in another location instead if the default config file, for example:
      BrowsingHistoryView.exe /cfg "%AppData%BrowsingHistoryView.cfg"
    • Fixed a bug with displaying IDN URLs (URLs containing non-English characters) from Firefox history.
    • Added new data source in the 'Advanced Options' window: Load history from the specified custom folders. In this option, you can select the correct AppData folder, Local AppData folder, and the History folder of the profile you want to inspect.
    • Fixed the problem with the 'Advanced Options' window on Windows 2000.
    • Added 'Show Advanced Options On Start' option. You can turn off this option if you don't want that the 'Advanced Options' window will appear on every time that you run BrowsingHistoryView.
    • Improved the detection of AppData and Local AppData folders when reading the history from external drive.
    • Added secondary sorting: When clicking the 'Web Browser' column header, the list is sorted by the 'Web Browser' column, and then by the 'Visit Time' column.
    • Added option to get the history from Internet Explorer API, instead of reading the file directly. (Available only when loading the history of the current user).
    • Added improved support for Internet Explorer 10, which works smoothly and doesn't require to run BrowsingHistoryView as administrator. There is no need to execute BrowsingHistoryView with any additinal command-line option in order to read the locked file of IE10 (WebCacheV24.dat or WebCacheV01.dat), and the /UseVolumeShadowCopy command-line option added on v1.15 was removed from this version.
      Be aware that during browsing on IE10, you may get corrupted history result, because the database is not fully flushed to the disk.
      Also, be aware that BrowsingHistoryView cannot read a locked IE10 file on a remote network system.
    • Fixed bug: BrowsingHistoryView failed to load Firefox profile located on a drive letter which is different from the drive letter where the Windows profiles (c:users . ) are located.
    • Fixed the flickering appeared while scrolling the history items.
    • Fixed bug: When exporting browser history data with /SaveDirect command-line option, BrowsingHistoryView added byte order mark of Unicode, while the file was saved as Ascii.
    • BrowsingHistoryView now reads the history of all profiles from Chrome and Chrome Canary Web browsers.
    • Fixed bug: BrowsingHistoryView displayed corrupted URLs from partially deleted records of Internet Explorer history file.
    • Added support for Chrome Canary and SeaMonkey Web browsers.
    • Added 'Mark Odd/Even Rows' option, under the View menu. When it's turned on, the odd and even rows are displayed in different color, to make it easier to read a single line.
    • Fixed bug: BrowsingHistoryView failed to read some of the history items of Internet Explorer 10.
    • Added support for Internet Explorer 10 (WebCacheV24.dat or WebCacheV01.dat). There are some limitations and problems with this version of Internet Explorer. See the 'Internet Explorer 10 Support' section for more information.
    • Added 'Visited From' column (Only for Firefox and Chrome), which displays the URL that the user has visited prior to the Web page specified under the URL column.
    • Fixed BrowsingHistoryView to display the Web page title for Internet Explorer Web browser.
    • Added 'Copy URLs' option (Ctrl+U)
    • Added 'Open URL In Web Browser' option.
    • BrowsingHistoryView now reads the profiles.ini file of Firefox to get the correct profile folders.

    System Requirements

    • Internet Explorer (Version 4.00 and greater)
    • Mozilla Firefox (Version 3.00 and greater)
    • Microsoft Edge
    • Google Chrome
    • Safari
    • Opera (Version 15 or later, which is based on Chrome Web browser)

    Known Limitations and Problems

    • 'Visit Count' on Internet Explorer Web browser: The 'Visit Count' column is taken "as is" from the history file of Internet Explorer. Unfortunately, Internet Explorer tend to extremely bloat the 'Visit Count' number, which means that you cannot assume that the 'Visit Count' number represents the actual number of times that the user visited the specified Web site. This remark is only relevant for Internet Explorer. Other Web browsers count the number of visits properly, as far as I know.
    • Limitations and problems with reading the history of IE10, IE11 and Microsoft Edge: Version 10 and 11 of Internet Explorer stores the history data inside WebCacheV01.dat, and this file is locked by the operating system most of the time, even when IE is closed.
      In order to unlock the history database file, you should turn on the 'Automatically stop the cache task of IE10/IE11/Edge' option. If you use the 'Load history from remote computer' option - BrowsingHistoryView will stop the cache task of IE10/IE11/Edge on the specified remote system, so you'll be able to see the history of IE10/IE11/Edge remotely.

    Start Using BrowsingHistoryView

    After you run BrowsingHistoryView, the 'Advanced Options' window is displayed. By default, BrowsingHistoryView offers you to load the history of all Web browsers and all user profiles in the last 10 days, but you can change the options according to your needs.

    After pressing 'Ok' in the 'Advanced Options' window, BrowsingHistoryView loads and displays the browsing history according to the options you chose.

    The 'Advanced Options' Window

    • Filter by visit date/time: Allows you to load the history from the last number of days/hours, or from specific date/time range.
    • Web Browsers: BrowsingHistoryView will load the history only from the selected Web browsers. For example, if you want to only get the browsing history of Internet Explorer, then you need to select the 'Internet Explorer' check-box and deselect all others.
    • Load history from: Allows you to choose the data source of the browsing history:
      • Load history from the current running system (All users): If you choose this option, BrowsingHistoryView scans all the user profiles on your system (C:Documents and Settings or C:Users) and loads the history data from them.
        Be aware that the Registry file of every user profile (NTUSER.DAT) should be readable, because BrowsingHistoryView uses the Registry file to locate the correct history file/folder of every Web browser. If BrowsingHistoryView cannot read NTUSER.DAT, it'll try to locate the correct folders in other less reliable ways.
      • Load history from the current running system (Only current user): If you choose this option, BrowsingHistoryView loads only the browsing history of the current logged-on user.
      • Load history from the specified profiles folder: If you choose this option, BrowsingHistoryView scans all the user profiles under the specified folder. The specified folder should be something like H:Documents and Settings (On Windows XP) or H:Users (On Windows 7/2008/Vista/8).
        Be aware that the Registry file of every user profile (NTUSER.DAT) should be readable, because BrowsingHistoryView uses the Registry file to locate the correct history file/folder of every Web browser. If BrowsingHistoryView cannot read NTUSER.DAT, it'll try to locate the correct folders in other less reliable ways.
      • Load history from the specified profile: If you choose this option, BrowsingHistoryView loads the history from the specified profile folder. The specified profile folder should be something like H:Documents and SettingsAdministrator (On Windows XP) or H:UsersAdministrator (On Windows 7/2008/Vista/8).
      • Load history from the specified custom folders: If you choose this option, you should specify the following folders of the user profile you want to load: History (e.g: C:Usersuser01AppDataLocalMicrosoftWindowsHistory ), App Data (e.g: C:Usersuser01AppDataRoaming), Local App Data (e.g: C:Usersuser01AppDataLocal)
      • Load history from the specified history files: If you choose this option, you have to specify the history file of every Web browser that you want to load.
      • Load history from remote computer: Allows you to load the browsing history from remote computer on your network. Be aware that this option works only when you have full admin access to the remote computer. If you want to view the history of IE10/IE11/Edge Web browser, you have to turn on the following option: 'Automatically stop the cache task of IE10/IE11/Edge for unlocking the database file.'

      Reading Older History From Shadow Copies

      Command-Line Options

      Visit Time") if you want to sort in descending order. You can put multiple /sort in the command-line if you want to sort by multiple columns.

      Misollar:
      BrowsingHistoryView.exe /shtml "f: emphistory.html" /sort 2 /sort

      • 1 - Load history from the current running system (All users).
      • 2 - Load history from the current running system (Only current user).
      • 3 - Load history from the specified profiles folder (/HistorySourceFolder command-line parameter).
      • 4 - Load history from the specified profile (/HistorySourceFolder command-line parameter).
      • 5 - Load history from the specified custom folders (/CustomFolderAppData , /CustomFolderIEHistory , /CustomFolderLocalAppData).
      • 6 - Load history from the specified history files (/CustomFiles.IEFolders , /CustomFiles.IE10Files , /CustomFiles.FirefoxFiles, /CustomFiles.ChromeFiles , /CustomFiles.SafariFiles ).
      • 7 - Load history from remote computer (Use with /ComputerName command-line parameter).
      • 1 - Load history from any date/time.
      • 2 - Load history from the last xx hours (xx specified in /VisitTimeFilterValue)
      • 3 - Load history from the last xx days (xx specified in /VisitTimeFilterValue)
      • 4 - Load history from the specified date/time range (The time range is specified in /VisitTimeFrom and /VisitTimeTo)

      Here's some command-line examples:
      BrowsingHistoryView.exe /HistorySource 4 /HistorySourceFolder "H:Documents and SettingsUser01" /stab "c: emphistory.txt"
      BrowsingHistoryView.exe /HistorySource 3 /HistorySourceFolder "G:Documents and Settings" /VisitTimeFilterType 3 /VisitTimeFilterValue 10 /scomma "c: emphistory.csv"
      BrowsingHistoryView.exe /HistorySource 1 /LoadIE 1 /LoadFirefox 0 /LoadChrome 0 /LoadSafari 0 /shtml "c: emphistory.html"
      BrowsingHistoryView.exe /HistorySource 2 /VisitTimeFilterType 4 /VisitTimeFrom "01-01-2011 00:00:00" /VisitTimeTo "01-01-2012 00:00:00" /stab "c: emphistory.txt"

      Be aware that you can use any variable stored in tne .cfg file as command-line parameter, even if it's not specified in the above command-line list.


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