UMUMIY UILLIAM BUEL FRANKLIN, AQSh - Tarix

UMUMIY UILLIAM BUEL FRANKLIN, AQSh - Tarix


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VITAL STATISTIKA
TUG'ILGAN: 1823 yil, York, PA.
O'LDI: 1903 yil, Xartford, CT.
KAMPANYALAR: Frederiksburg va Qizil daryo kampaniyasi.
Eng yuqori darajaga erishildi: Brigada generali.
BIOGRAFIYA
Uilyam Buel Franklin 1823 yil 27 -fevralda Pensilvaniya shtatining York shahrida tug'ilgan. U Uilys S. S. Grant tugatgan sinfni 1843 yilda Uest -Poyntda o'z sinfining eng yuqori sinfini tamomlagan. Franklin muhandis etib tayinlandi va janubiy dovon ekspeditsiyasi va Meksika urushida polkovnik Filipp Kerni boshchiligida xizmat qildi. Fuqarolar urushi boshlanishidan oldin Franklin Vashingtondagi Kapitoliy uchun yangi gumbaz qurilishini nazorat qilish uchun tayinlangan, 1861 yil 17 mayda u brigada generali etib tayinlangan. Franklin 1862 yildagi Frederiksburg jangida ikkita korpusni boshqargan va general -mayor Ambrose E. Byornsayd Ittifoqdagi muvaffaqiyatsizlikda uni ayblagan. Urushni o'tkazish bo'yicha qo'mita siyosiy sabablarga ko'ra Byornsayd tarafiga o'tdi va Franklin besh oydan ko'proq xizmatdan chetlatildi. 1863 yilning yozida Franklin ko'rfaz bo'limida korpus qo'mondoni etib tayinlandi. Uning mayor Nataniel P. Banksning omadsiz Qizil daryo kampaniyasida qatnashishi Franklin obro'siga putur etkazdi. General Grant o'z xizmatlarini so'ragan bo'lsa -da, Franklin nogironligi va rasmiy noroziligi tufayli 1865 yilda faol kampaniyada qatnasha olmadi. Fuqarolar urushidan so'ng, Franklin Colt Fire Arms ishlab chiqarish kompaniyasining boshqaruvchisi bo'lib, 22 yil xizmat qildi. Bu vazifada u muhandis va ma'mur sifatida a'lo mahorat ko'rsatdi. U 1876 yilgi prezidentlik saylovlarida saylovchi, shuningdek 1888 yilgi Parij ko'rgazmasida bosh komissar bo'lgan. Franklin 1903 yil 8 martda Konnektikut shtatining Xartford shahrida vafot etdi.

Uilyam Buel Franklin (1823 yil 27 fevral - 1903 yil 8 mart)

Uilyam B. Franklin 1823 yil 27 -fevralda Pensilvaniya shtatining York shahrida tug'ilgan. U Valter S. Franklin va Sara Buelning oltita farzandining birinchisi, besh o'g'il va bitta qiz. Katta Franklin 1833 yildan va 1838 yilda vafotigacha Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlari Vakillar Palatasining kotibi bo'lib ishlagan advokat edi. Uilyamning katta bobosi Samuel Rouz Birinchi Kontinental Kongress a'zosi bo'lgan. Uilyamning akasi Samuel Rouz Franklin AQSh harbiy -dengiz kuchlarining ofitseri bo'lib, orqa admiral unvoniga sazovor bo'lgan. Uning kenja ukasi Amerika fuqarolar urushi paytida AQSh armiyasida ofitser bo'lib xizmat qilgan.

Franklin va#039lar oilasi 1829 yilda Pensilvaniya shtatining Xarrisburg shahriga ko'chib o'tishdi va u erda 1835 yilgacha yashab, Yorkka qaytishdi. Yorkka qaytgach, Franklin kollejga tayyorgarlik ko'rish uchun York okrugi akademiyasiga o'qishga kirdi. Franklin va#039 ning otasi 1838 yilda vafot etishidan oldin, u Uilyamni Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlari Harbiy Akademiyasiga tayinlashni ta'minlash uchun urush vaziri Joel R. Poinsettga murojaat qilgan. Franklin atigi o'n olti yoshda bo'lgani uchun Poinsett avvalgidan voz kechdi, lekin bo'lajak prezident Jeyms Buchananning taklifiga binoan u rozi bo'ldi.

Franklin 1839 yil 1 -iyulda Akademiyaga o'qishga kirdi. U erda u fuqarolar urushining bo'lajak mashhurlari Jorj B. Makkellan, Tomas J. Jekson, Uilyam T. Sherman, Jeyms Longstreet, Richard Evell, Don Karlos Buell, Uilyam S. Rosekrans bilan yelkalarini silab qo'ydi. Jon Papa, Uinfild Skott Xankok, Nathaniel Lion, Jon F. Reynolds, DH Hill, Lafayette McLaws, Alfred Pleasonton, Simon B. Buckner, Uilyam F. Smit, Fits Jon Porter, Edmund Kirbi Smit, Jorj Stoneman, Jorj Picket va boshqalar sinfdoshi Uliss S Grant. Uest-Poyntda to'rt yil mobaynida Franklin 1843 yil 1-iyulda o'ttiz to'qqiz kursantni birinchi sinfini tugatib, o'zining eng yaxshi talabasi ekanligini isbotladi.

O'qishni tugatgandan so'ng, Franklin ikkinchi leytenant unvonini oldi va topografik muhandislarga tayinlandi. Shimoli-g'arbiy ko'llar bo'yicha o'tkazilgan so'rovda ikki yil qatnashgandan so'ng, Franklin 1845 yilda Rokki tog'larning janubiy dovoniga brigada generali Stiven V. Kerni va#039s ekspeditsiyasi bo'yicha tadqiqot vazifalarini bajargan. Qaytib kelgach, Franklin Topografik byuroga tayinlangan. Vashington, DC, u erda 1846 yilgacha xizmat qilgan. 1846 yil 21 sentyabrda Franklin ikkinchi leytenant unvonini oldi. Gruziyada qisqa muddat ishlaganidan so'ng, Franklin Meksika-Amerika urushi paytida general Zakari Teylor va 039 komandirligiga topshirildi (1846 yil 25 aprel va 1848 yil 2-fevral). Shimoliy Meksikada xizmat qilib, Franklin birinchi leytenant unvonini oldi.

Meksika-Amerika urushidan so'ng, Franklin 1848-1851 yillarda AQSh Harbiy akademiyasida tabiiy va eksperimental falsafa dotsenti bo'lib ishlagan. U West Pointda tayinlanganidan so'ng, Sharqiy Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlarida ko'plab ko'prik va mayoq loyihalarida ishlagan yoki ularga rahbarlik qilgan. keyingi sakkiz yil uchun. Bu vaqt ichida Franklin 1853 yil 3 martda birinchi leytenant, 1857 yil 1 iyulda kapitan etib tayinlandi.

1859 yilda Franklin Vashingtondagi Kapitoliy binosining kengayishi, shu jumladan yangi gumbaz qurilishi uchun mas'ul muhandis etib saylandi. Ikki yillik davr mobaynida u mamlakat poytaxtida yangi umumiy pochta bo'limi va g'aznachilik binolari qurilishini ham nazorat qildi.

Fuqarolar urushi boshlanganidan ko'p o'tmay, Franklin AQSh armiyasida polkovnik unvoniga sazovor bo'ldi va 1861 yil 14-mayda AQShning 112-piyoda askariga tayinlandi. Oradan to'rt kun o'tib, u ko'ngillilar armiyasida brigadir generaliga ko'tarildi. Ikki oy o'tgach, Franklin Virjiniya shimoli -sharqiy armiyasining 3 -bo'linmasining 1 -brigadasini Bull Run I jangida (1861 yil 21 -iyul) boshqargan.

Prezident Avraam Linkoln Bull Run ofatidan keyin Sharqdagi ittifoq kuchlarini qayta tashkil etish uchun general-mayor Jorj B. Makkellanga murojaat qilganida, McClellan Franklinni 1861 yil sentyabr oyida yangi tashkil etilgan Potomak armiyasida diviziya qo'mondoni etib tayinladi. 1862 yil, Prezident Linkoln Potomak armiyasini qayta tashkil etish rejasini tuzdi. 8 mart kuni u armiya va 039 diviziyalarini beshta korpusga birlashtirib, 2 -sonli urush buyrug'ini chiqardi. Linkoln beshta korpusga qo'mondonlik qilish uchun general -mayor Irvin MakDowell, brigada generali Edvin V. Sumner, brigada generali S. P. Xeyntselman, brigada generali Erasmus D. Keys va general -mayor Nataniel P. Banklarni tayinladi. Xayriyatki, 1862 yil 13 martda norozi Makkellan Prezidentning tanlovini tasdiqlagan 101 -sonli umumiy buyruqni (Potomak armiyasi) chiqardi.

1862 yilning bahorida Makkellan o'zining omadsiz yarim orol kampaniyasini boshladi. Kampaniyaning dastlabki bosqichida Franklin McDowell va#039s 1 -korpusining birinchi bo'linmasini boshqargan va Yorktaunni qamal qilishda qatnashgan (5 -aprel va 1862 -yil 4 -may). "Drewry 's Bluff" jangida (1862 yil 15 -may) federal dengiz floti muvaffaqiyatsizlikka uchraganidan so'ng, Makkellan 18 -may kuni 125 -sonli umumiy buyrug'ini (Potomak armiyasi) chiqardi. Franklin. Etti kunlik janglar paytida (1862 yil 25 -iyun va#8211 -yil 1 -iyul) Franklin va#039lar korpusi Geyns va#039 tegirmonlari jangida (1862 yil 27 -iyun) va Savage va#039s bekatida (1862 yil 29 -iyun) asosiy rollarni o'ynagan. . 1862 yil 24-iyulda Franklin Virjiniya shtatining Richmond shahridagi jangda jasoratli va xizmat ko'rsatgani uchun muntazam armiyadagi brigadir generalga aylandi, 1862 yil 30-iyunda kuchga kirdi (AQSh urush boshqarmasi, 87-son buyrug'i).

1862 yilning yozida Makkellan Virjiniya yarim orolidan muvaffaqiyatsiz yarim orol kampaniyasidan so'ng chiqib ketgach, Franklin va#039s korpusi Virjiniya shtatining Aleksandriya shahriga, Manassas yaqiniga yuborildi. 1862 yil 22 -iyulda Urush boshqarmasi 84 -sonli umumiy buyrug'i bilan 6 -korpusning vaqtinchalik nomini olib tashladi va uni Potomak armiyasining sertifikatlangan korpusiga aylantirdi. Urush boshqarmasi 1862 yil 2 -avgustda 93 -sonli buyruq bilan Franklinni 1862 -yil 4 -iyuldan kuchga kirgan general -mayor unvoniga ko'targan.

Shimoliy Virjiniya kampaniyasi paytida general-mayor Makkellan 1862 yil 27-avgustda bosh Genri Xollekka "Bull Run II" jangida general-mayor Jon Papa va Virjiniya armiyasini qo'llab-quvvatlash uchun Franklin va 039-sonli korpusni oldinga siljitishga ishontirdi. 28 va#821130, 1862). Buning o'rniga, Makkellan Franklinga Iskandariyada qolishni buyurdi. 28 -avgustda Xollek Franklin bilan to'g'ridan -to'g'ri bog'lanib, unga McClellan ' direktivasidan qat'i nazar, Papani qo'llab -quvvatlashni buyurdi. Franklin ishdan ketdi va buning o'rniga Makkellanning to'g'ridan -to'g'ri buyurtmalarini kutdi, ular kelmadi. 29 -avgustda Franklin Xallekdan boshqa to'g'ridan -to'g'ri buyurtmani olganidan so'ng, harakat qila boshladi, lekin Makkellan uni Annandeyl yaqinida to'xtashga ko'rsatma berdi, u erda Papa va#039 qo'shinlari Shimoliy Virjiniya Konfederatsiyalari armiyasi bilan ishlagan. 30 -avgustda Franklin Vashingtonga chekinayotganda Papa va#039larning mag'lub bo'lgan armiyasi bilan uchrashish uchun Sentervilga keldi. Keyinchalik Papa Franklinni buyruqlarga bo'ysunmaganlikda aybladi, lekin bu ishda Makkellanning roli tufayli ayblovlar hech narsa chiqmadi.

Bull Run II jangidagi g'alabasidan so'ng Robert E. Li Merilendga bostirib kirishga qaror qildi. Li 's hujumining muhim elementi Virjiniya shtatining Harper feribotidagi federal garnizonni qo'lga kiritish edi. 1862 yil 13 sentyabrda McClellan Franklinga Janubiy tog'dagi Crampton & 039s Gapni egallashni, keyin esa qamalda qolgan Harper feribotidagi garnizonni ozod qilish uchun g'arbga ketishni buyurdi. Darhol ketish o'rniga Franklin 14 sentyabr kuni ertalab ko'chib o'tishni tanladi. Uning qo'shinlari peshin vaqtigacha dovon og'zi yaqinidagi Burkittsvillga etib bormadi. Franklin keyin polkovnik Uilyam A. Parxem qo'mondonlik qilgan Konfederatsiyaning besh yuzdan minggacha himoyachilarini olib chiqish uchun Ittifoqning o'n ikki ming askarini joylashtirish uchun uch soat sarfladi. Harakat nihoyat boshlanganda, yankilar tezda bo'shliqni egallab olishdi va isyonkor himoyachilarni tog'ning g'arbiy tomoniga yugurishdi. Franklin to'rt yuzga yaqin mahbusni yig'ib, o'z kuchlarini yig'ib olguniga qadar, soat 18:00 dan keyin edi. G'olib general, g'arbga qarab harakat qilish va Harper feribotida turgan Ittifoq askarlarini yengillashtirish uchun kech bo'lganini aniqladi. Ertasi kuni, Franklin va#039 qo'shimchalari kelgunga qadar, Harper feribotidagi garnizon general Tomas va "Stonewoll" va Jeksonga taslim bo'ldi. Ularning taslim bo'lishi Jeksonga sharqqa yurishga va Merilend shtati Sharpsburg yaqinidagi Longstreet va Li qo'shilishiga imkon berdi va Antietam jangiga (1862 yil 17 sentyabr) tayyorgarlik ko'rdi. O'sha qonli uchrashuv paytida, Franklin va 039 ning baxtsizligi uchun, Makkellan 6 -chi korpusning ko'p qismini ushlab qoldi.

Potomak armiyasi Robert E. Li ning Merilendga yurishini to'xtatganiga qaramay, Prezident Linkoln McClellanning chiqishidan hafsalasi pir bo'ldi, ayniqsa generallarning orqaga chekinayotgan armiyasini bosishni istamadi. 1862 yil 5 -noyabrda Linkoln McClellanni Potomac armiyasi qo'mondonligidan chetlatish to'g'risida farmon chiqardi, uning o'rniga general Ambrose E. Burnside tayinlandi. Keyingi haftada, 14 noyabrda, Bernsayd 184 -sonli umumiy buyrug'ini chiqardi ("Potomac armiyasi"), u o'zining yangi buyrug'ini uchta "Buyuk bo'linma" ga aylantirdi. "U Franklinni 1 va 6 -chi chap divizionni boshqarishga chaqirdi. Korpus.

Frederiksburg jangi paytida (1862 yil 11 -dekabr va#821115), Franklin general -mayor Jozef Xuker va Buyuk divizion general -mayor Jozef Xuker va general -mayor Edvin V. Sumner singari Konfederatsiyaning o'ng tomonidagi "Stounuoll" va Jekson qo'shinlari bilan to'qnash keldi. Marie Heights -da isyonchilarning kuchli pozitsiyalarini egallashga urinishlarida bo'linmalar yo'q qilindi. Jangdan so'ng, Burnside ' ning ba'zi bo'ysunuvchilari, shu jumladan Franklin va Xooker, Burnside 's rahbariyatini tanqid qilishdi. Tanqidlar kuchaygani sayin, Berns 1863 yil 23 -yanvarda prezident Linkolndan tomoshabinlardan so'radi. Uchrashuv davomida Byornsid 8 -sonli umumiy buyruqlarni (Potomak armiyasi) taqdim etdi, u Hukerni armiyadan chetlatishni taklif qildi (Prezident roziligi bilan). shuningdek, Burnside & 039 ning ko'p sonli bo'ysunuvchi general ofitserlarini, shu jumladan Franklinni ham ozod qilishni taklif qildi. Burnsayd Linkolndan buyruqni ma'qullashni yoki uning iste'fosini qabul qilishni talab qildi. Ko'p sonli generallarni ulgurji ishdan bo'shatishga ruxsat berishni xohlamagan Linkoln, 1863 yil 25 yanvarda Bernsni Potomak armiyasi qo'mondonligidan ozod qilinganligini e'lon qilib, 20 -sonli umumiy buyruqlarni (AQSh urush vazirligi) tayyorladi. Buyruq Franklinni Potomak armiyasidagi vazifalaridan ozod qilayotganini e'lon qildi.

Frederiksburgdagi Ittifoq halokati atrofidagi bahs -munozaralar 20 -sonli umumiy buyruq bilan tugamadi. Urushni o'tkazish bo'yicha Qo'shma Kongress qo'mitasi gunohkorni topmoqchi bo'lib, bahorda bu masalani o'rganib chiqdi. Burnsaydning noto'g'ri guvohliklarini eshitib, qo'mita 1863 yil 6 aprelda Franklinni nishonga olgan hisobot chiqardi. Qo'mitaning partiyaviy xulosalari uning obro'siga putur etkazishni xohlamay, Franklin o'z hisobidan birlashtiruvchi hujjatni e'lon qilib, ularning xulosalarini rad etdi. Afsuski, Franklin uchun uning javobiga respublikachilar matbuoti e'tibor bermadi.

Potomak armiyasi qo'mondonligini yo'qotib, Franklin boshqa buyurtmalarni kutish uchun Nyu -Yorkka yo'l oldi. 1863 yil 25 -iyunda general Xallek Franklinni Nyu -Orleanga (Luiziana shtati) general -mayor Nataniel P. Banks qo'mondonligi ostida ko'rfaz departamentida ishlash uchun hisobot berishni buyurdi. Banklar 28 -iyuldan 15 -avgustgacha Franklinni Nyu -Orlean va uning atrofidagi qo'shinlarga mas'ul qilib qo'yishdi. 1863 yil 15 -avgustda Banklar 200 -sonli maxsus buyruqlar (Fors ko'rfazi bo'limi) berib, Franklinni 19 -korpus qo'mondoni deb atashdi. 20 avgustda Franklin o'zining yangi buyrug'ini qabul qilib, 1 -sonli umumiy buyruqlarni (19 -chi armiya korpusi) chiqardi.

Franklin ' ning G'arbda ishlashi unchalik yaxshi emas edi. 1863 yil 8 sentyabrda ellikdan kam Konfederatsiya himoyachilari Texasdagi Sabine daryosida Fort Griffinni bo'ysundirishga urinishganida Franklin qo'mondonlik qilgan to'rt qurolli qayiq va olti mingga yaqin piyoda askarlarini qaytarishdi. Keyingi bahorda, Franklin va#039s korpusi Qizil daryo kampaniyasiga boshchilik qildi. Bu kampaniya davomida Franklin hal qiluvchi Mansfild jangida (1864 yil 8 aprel) chap oyog'idan jarohat oldi.

Franklin va 039 oyog'ining jarohati tez orada asoratlarni rivojlantirib, 1864 yil 29 apreldan 2 dekabrgacha kasallik ta'tilida bo'lishini talab qildi. Bu vaqt ichida u Vashington hududiga qaytdi. 1864 yil 10 -iyulda Franklin Baltimor yaqinidagi poezdda ketayotganida, Konfederatsiya polkovnigi Garri Gilmor Magnoliya stantsiyasiga reyd paytida uni asirga oldi. Franklin ertasi kuni qochishga muvaffaq bo'ldi.

Yarasi tufayli jismonan cheklangan Franklin endi dala buyrug'ini bajara olmadi. 1864 yil 2 -dekabrdan 1865 -yilning 10 -noyabrigacha u Delaver shtatining Uilmington shahrida nogironlik bo'yicha nafaqaxo'rlar kengashining prezidenti bo'lib ishlagan. Franklin o'sha erda bo'lganida, 1865 yil 13 -martdan boshlab AQSh armiyasining general -mayor unvoniga sazovor bo'ldi. 1866 yil 15.

Harbiy karerasini tugatgandan so'ng, Franklin 1865 yil 15 noyabrdan 1888 yil 1 aprelgacha Konnektikut shtatining Xartford shahridagi Colt o'qotar qurol ishlab chiqaruvchi kompaniyada yigirma uch yil ishlagan. xususiy loyihalar. 1872 yilda Franklin AQSh prezidentligiga Demokratik nomzod sifatida qatnashish imkoniyatidan voz kechdi.

Franklin & 039 ning salomatligi asr boshlarida yomonlasha boshladi. 1903 yil 8 mart kuni ertalab u Xartforddagi qarorgohida tinchgina vafot etdi. Uning qoldiqlari Pensilvaniya shtatining York shahridagi tug'ilgan joyi yaqinidagi Prospect Hill qabristoniga dafn qilindi.


-> Franklin, Uilyam Buel, 1823-1903

Ma'lumotli Uest-Poynt, 1843 yilda tugatgan. Meksika-Amerika urushida, Uest-Poyntda uch yil professor va fuqarolar urushi boshlangunga qadar muhandis bo'lib xizmat qilgan. Ittifoq armiyasi generali sifatida u Antietam va Frederiksburgdagi harakatlarni ko'rdi. Urushdan keyin Colt Firearms menejeri bo'ldi.

V. B. Franklinning polkovnik Jorj E. Uoringga yozgan maktubining ta'rifidan, kichik [qo'lyozma], 1870 yil 1 iyul. (Virjiniya universiteti). WorldCat rekord identifikatori: 225134864

Uilyam Buel Franklin hujjatlari tavsifidan, 1861-1865. (Noma'lum). WorldCat rekord identifikatori: 79450703

Uilyam Buel Franklin fuqarolar urushida Ittifoq armiyasi generali bo'lgan.

V. B. Franklinning polkovnik Nikolsonga yozgan maktubidan, 1899 yil 1 sentyabr. (Kaliforniya universiteti, Santa Barbara). WorldCat rekord identifikatori: 746528112

Uilyam Buel Franklin 1823 yil 27 fevralda Pensilvaniya shtatining York shahrida tug'ilgan. Otasi Uolter S. Franklin Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlari Vakillar palatasida kotib bo'lib ishlagan. Franklin 16 yoshida AQShning Vest-Poyntdagi Harbiy Akademiyasiga o'qishga kirdi va 1843 yil birinchi sinf kursanti sifatida tugatdi. O'qishni tugatgandan so'ng, u topografik muhandislar korpusida xizmat qildi va Meksikada general Jon E. Meksika urushi paytida jun. Keyinchalik u Vashingtonga ko'chib o'tdi va qurilish muhandisi bo'lib, mayoq inspektori bo'lib ishladi. 1857 yilda u dengiz chiroqlari kengashining armiya kotibi bo'ldi. Franklin Fuqarolar urushi paytida Ittifoq armiyasida xizmat qilgan, general -mayor Jorj B. Makkellan boshchiligidagi bir qancha janglarda qatnashgan va general -mayor unvoniga sazovor bo'lgan. U urushdan keyin o'z komissiyasini iste'foga chiqardi va Konnektikut shtatining Xartford shahrida muhandis bo'lib ishlashni davom ettirdi, u erda 1870 -yillarda davlat kapitolining qurilishini nazorat qildi. Uilyam B. Franklin 1903 yil 8 martda vafot etdi.

Uilyam B. Franklin xat kitobiga qo'llanmadan, Franklin, Uilyam B. xat kitobi, 1857-1859, (Uilyam L. Klements kutubxonasi, Michigan universiteti)


Yuqori aniqlikdagi tasvirlar 1493-1943 yillar Amerika tarixi obunasi orqali maktablar va kutubxonalarda mavjud. Maktabingiz yoki kutubxonangizda obuna bor yoki yo'qligini tekshiring. Yoki qo'shimcha ma'lumot olish uchun bu erni bosing. Bu erda bizdan rasmning pdf formatida buyurtma berishingiz mumkin.

Gilder Lehrman to'plami #: GLC02455.02 Muallif/Yaratuvchi: Burnsayd, Ambrose Everet (1824-1881) Yozilgan joy: Frederiksburg, Virjiniya Turi: Imzolangan xat. Sana: 1862 yil 13-dekabr Sahifa: 1 b. Hajmi 11,5 x 19 sm.

Buyurtmalar Frederikburg jangi kuni ertalab yozilgan. Burnsayd - bu siz uchun buyurtmalarni tayyorlab berayotgan & quot; va Franklinga & quot; Ular kelguncha mudofaadan boshqa hech qanday harakat qilmang & quot; deydi. Va shu kuni ertalab siz bilan bo'lishga umid qiladi. & Quot; Franklin bu hujum paytida armiyaning katta qismini boshqargan. Ittifoqning qonli mag'lubiyatidan so'ng, Franklinni buyruqlarga bo'ysunmaganlikda aybladi va Ittifoqning mag'lubiyatiga qisman javobgarlikda aybladi. Byornsayd Linkolndan Franklinni va boshqa bir qancha ofitserlarni olib tashlashni yoki Bernsni buyrug'idan ozod qilishni talab qildi. Linkoln Byornsaydni almashtirishni tanladi, lekin Franklin olib tashlanmagan bo'lsa ham, bu voqealar uning harbiy karerasini barbod qildi.

1862 yil 13 -dekabr.
Genl Franklin
Men siz uchun buyurtmalar tayyorlayotgan mana shu daqiqada. Ular kelguncha mudofaadan boshqa harakat qilmang. Men bugun ertalab siz bilan bo'lishga umid qilaman.


AQSh Lighthouse jamiyati yangiliklari

Uilyam B. Franklin
Ittifoq armiyasi general -mayori sifatida
(Kongress kutubxonasi)

Pensilvaniya shtatining York shahrida tug'ilgan Uilyam Buel Franklin 1843 yilgi sinfning eng yuqori pog'onasida West Pointni tugatgan. Uning sinfdoshlari Uilyam F. Raynolds va Uliss S. Grant edi. Franklin butun umurtqali xizmatini topografik muhandislar korpusida o'tkazadi. U Buyuk ko'llar va Atlantika qirg'og'ida o'tkazilgan turli tadqiqotlarda ishlagan, West Pointda dars bergan va Kapitoliy va G'aznachilik binolarining kengayishini nazorat qilgan. Meksika urushi paytida u General Vul shtatida bo'lgan va Buena Vista jangida qatnashgan.

Vashingtondagi federal binolarda muhandislik ishlaridan oldin va bir vaqtning o'zida Franklin Lighthouse xizmatida bir nechta muhim lavozimlarni egallagan. U birinchi muhandis (1852) va birinchi inspektor (1852-1856) bo'lib, Meyn shtatini qamrab olgan-oxir-oqibat Michigan shtatidan boshqa yorug'lik stantsiyalariga qaraganda ko'proq. Franklin, shuningdek, ikkinchi dengiz chiroqlari okrug muhandisi (1856-1860) edi. Bu lavozimlarni bir-biriga mos keladigan Franklin, shuningdek, "Lighthouse Board" va#8217s muhandis kotibi (1857-1859) bo'lgan.

Cape Ann mayoq
(AQSh Sohil Xavfsizlik xizmati tarixchisi va#8217s ofisi)
USLHS raqamli arxivlari orqali)

Tuman muhandisi sifatida Franklinning eng katta hissasi Massachusets shtatining Keyt -Enn (Tetcher va#8217s oroli) dagi mayoqlari edi. Ko'rinishidan, ushbu dizayn elementlari 1870 -yillarda g'isht va temirdan yasalgan mayoqlar uchun standartlashtirilgan dizayn uchun asos bo'lgan mashhur Keyp -Hatteras dengiz chiroqining urushdan keyingi dizayniga ta'sir ko'rsatgan.

Meynda Franklin yangi mayoqlar uchun ko'plab muvaffaqiyatli tavsiyalar berdi - ba'zilari mos bo'lmagan va/yoki eskirgan inshootlarni almashtirish uchun, boshqalari esa butunlay yangi edi. Bunga Beyker oroli, Bass -Harbor, Brown ’s Head, Kiyik oroli Torofar va Franklin oroli kiradi.emas muhandis nomi bilan atalgan). Franklinning barcha tavsiyalariga amal qilinmadi. Matinicus Rock -da u bitta aylanadigan chiroqni tavsiya qildi, lekin Lighthouse Board uning o'rniga ikkita sobit chiroqni tanlashga qaror qildi.

Meyn, Nyu -Xempshir va Massachusetsda Franklin davrida tuman muhandisi bo'lib qurilgan mayoqlarning ko'pchiligi uning dizaynidan foydalangan bo'lishi mumkin, ammo hozircha buni isbotlash qiyin. Yigirma bunday mayoqlardan, ularning ko'pchiligi uchun me'moriy chizmalar Milliy arxivda yoki AQShning Lighthouse Society ’s J. Candace Clifford Lighthouse tadqiqot katalogida mavjud emas. Cheklangan ma'lumotlarga ko'ra, Franklinga quyidagi dizaynlar ishoniladi: Boon oroli, Franklin oroli, Matinikus roki, Petit Manan, Seguin oroli. U, ehtimol, West Quoddy Head -ni ham yaratgan, lekin buni tasdiqlaydigan ma'lumot topilmadi. Franklin va Meyn chiroqlarining ko'pchiligi xuddi shu umumiy dizaynga amal qiladi: konusli tosh minoralar, markaziy ustun atrofidagi temir zinapoyalar va bog'lovchilar uyi. Chiroqlardan tashqari, u shu davrda ko'plab qo'riqchilar turar joylarini loyihalashtirgan bo'lardi. Uilyam Franklinga to'lanishi kerak bo'lgan barcha kreditni berish uchun chizilgan rasmlarni (Milliy arxiv kolleji parki ilovasida) va/yoki Lighthouse Board va tuman idorasi o'rtasidagi yozishmalarni yanada o'rganish kerak. U, ehtimol, AQSh tarixidagi eng serhasham muhandislardan biri bo'lishi mumkin. Franklin o'zining ko'p sonli mas'uliyatini hisobga olgan holda, u o'zi qurgan mayoqlarning qurilishini shaxsan nazorat qilmagan.

Seguin orolidagi mayoq
(USLHS raqamli arxivi, Herb Entwistle pochta kartochkalari to'plami)

Muhandis kotibi sifatida Franklin, shuningdek, Florida shtatining Kanaveral burnidagi g'isht bilan qoplangan temir chiroqni ham loyihalashtirgan (fuqarolar urushidan keyin qurilmagan). U, shuningdek, vintlardek yig'ilgan yog'ochdan yasalgan yozgi uy chiroqlari uchun oddiy standartlashtirilgan dizaynni yaratdi. Uning dizayni va urushdan keyingi ozgina farqlari 40 dan ortiq mayoqlarda ishlatilgan. Bu kichik mayoqlar asosan daryolar, ko'rfazlar va tubi qumli yoki loyli boshqa sayoz joylar uchun, ayniqsa Chesapeake ko'rfazi va Shimoliy Karolinaning tovushlari.

Shuningdek, muhandis kotibi sifatida, mantiq va vaziyat Franklin antebellum standart g'isht chiroqlari rejasini tuzish ortida turganligini ko'rsatadi. Ushbu rejaning variantlari janubi -sharqda 1857 va 1860 yillar oralig'ida yaratilgan kamida o'nlab mayoqlar uchun ishlatilgan.

1861 yildagi Amerika fuqarolar urushi boshlanishi bilan Uilyam Franklin topografik muhandislar kapitani unvoniga ko'tarildi. Uning fuqarolar urushi xizmati umuman yaxshi baholanmaydi. Franklin Bull Running birinchi jangida brigadaga qo'mondonlik qildi va urushning birinchi yarmida Potomac armiyasida xizmat qilib, ko'ngillilar general -mayor unvonini oldi. 1863 yil boshida u sobiq mayak muhandislari Uilyam F. Smit va Jon Nyutonni o'z ichiga olgan "generallar qo'zg'olonini" boshqargan. Fitnachilar Ambrose Burnsaydni almashtirishda muvaffaqiyat qozonishdi, lekin o'zlari ham olib tashlandi. Luiziana shtatiga ko'chirilgan Franklin 1864 yil boshidagi mashhur Qizil daryo kampaniyasining bir qismi edi va u oyog'idan qattiq shikastlanib, harbiy faoliyatini yakunladi.

Urushdan keyin Franklin Konnektikut shtatining Xartford shahriga ko'chib o'tdi, u erda Colt o'qotar qurol ishlab chiqarish kompaniyasi vitse -prezidenti edi. U, shuningdek, antebellumdagi harbiy tajribasini qurilish muhandisi sifatida, ayniqsa zamonaviy Konnektikut shtati Kapitoliy binosida yaxshi ishlatdi. U 1903 yilda vafot etdi.

Franklin haqida ko'proq bilishni istaganlar Mark A. Snellning "Birinchidan oxirigacha: Uilyam B. Franklin hayoti" kitobini o'qishlari mumkin.

Jeremy D ’Entremont va LighthouseFriends.com saytlariga Franklin mayak loyihalari bo'yicha qidiruvimni qisqartirishga yordam bergani uchun alohida rahmat.

Josh Liller - tarixchi va Yupiter Inlet Lighthouse va amp muzeyining kollektsiyalari menejeri. U, shuningdek, Florida Lighthouse uyushmasi uchun tarixchi bo'lib xizmat qiladi. U qayta ko'rib chiqilgan nashrning hammuallifi Loxahatchee-da besh ming yil: Yupiter-Tekestaning tasviriy tarixi, Florida (2019) va ikkinchi nashrining muharriri Florida dengiz chiroqlari izi (2020).


Yuqori aniqlikdagi tasvirlar 1493-1943 yillar Amerika tarixi obunasi orqali maktablar va kutubxonalarda mavjud. Maktabingiz yoki kutubxonangizda obuna bor yoki yo'qligini tekshiring. Yoki qo'shimcha ma'lumot olish uchun bu erni bosing. Bu erda bizdan rasmning pdf formatida buyurtma berishingiz mumkin.

Gilder Lehrman to'plami #: GLC02455.15 Muallif/Yaratuvchi: Noma'lum joy Yozgan: s.l. Turi: Chop etish sanasi: 1861-1877 sahifalar: 1 gravür: b & amp 9 x 8 sm.

Mualliflik huquqi to'g'risidagi bildirishnoma Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlarining mualliflik huquqi to'g'risidagi qonun (17 -nom, Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlari kodeksi) mualliflik huquqi bilan himoyalangan materiallarning nusxalarini yoki boshqa nusxalarini tayyorlashni tartibga soladi. Qonunda ko'rsatilgan muayyan shartlar asosida kutubxonalar va arxivlarga nusxa ko'chirish yoki boshqa nusxalarni taqdim etish huquqi berilgan. Bu o'ziga xos shartlardan biri shundaki, nusxa ko'chirish yoki nusxalash "xususiy o'qish, stipendiya yoki tadqiqotdan boshqa maqsadda ishlatilmasligi" kerak. Agar foydalanuvchi "adolatli foydalanish" dan oshib ketadigan maqsadlarda fotokopiya yoki nusxa ko'chirishni talab qilsa yoki undan keyin foydalansa, u mualliflik huquqining buzilishi uchun javobgar bo'lishi mumkin. Bu muassasa, agar uning qaroriga binoan, mualliflik huquqi to'g'risidagi qonunni buzishni nazarda tutsa, nusxa ko'chirish buyurtmasini qabul qilishdan bosh tortish huquqini o'zida saqlab qoladi.

(646) 366-9666

Bosh qarorgoh: 49 Vt 45 -ko'cha, 2 -qavat Nyu -York, NY 10036

Bizning to'plamimiz: 170 Central Park West New York, NY 10024 Nyu-York tarixiy jamiyatining quyi darajasida joylashgan


Borgerkrig

Kort efter borgerkrigens Franklin bilan bir qatorda, Franklin da 12. amerikanske infanteriregiment, erkaklar treage senere, den 17. maj 1861, frivillige uchun brigada generali.

Ø stlige teater

Franklin sho'ng'in va aniq 12. amerikalik infanteri dan 18. iyun 1861. Bu brigada Ved Bull Run va derefter divisionschef i nyoprettede Potomac-hær. Franklin blev forfremmet til brigada general uchun frivillige den 20. avgust (tilbage dateret til 17. maj). Men 1862 yil mart oyidan boshlab, korpuslar va Franklinlar, VI korpus va boshqa mamlakatlar bilan bog'lanaman. VII korpusda etti kunlik janglar, ikki kunlik janglar, bo'linmalar, so'mlik V korpus va Gaines Mill. Franklin va boshqalar korpskommandorer (Erasmus Keyes IV korpuslari bilan), Richmondni o'qib bo'lgandan keyin ham, oxirigacha. Xon blev forfremmet til generalmajor den 4. iyul 1862. Hans kommando bor hos hovedhæren og deltog ikke i den nordlige Virginia-kampagne.

Men Merilend shtatining janubiy tog'lari ostidagi Howell Cobb va Crampton's Gap-ni boshqarishni boshladim. Xon rampada Kramptonning bo'sh joyi, Stonewall Jacksons tropper, harpers feribotlari, yuk mashinalari, yuk mashinalari, yuk mashinalari, yuk mashinalari, yuk mashinalari, va boshqalar. Men Xarpers Feribotini tashladim.

Sifatida Antietam var-hans VI-korps i zaxirasida, Franklin unutib yuboradi, general-mayor Edvin V. Sumner va boshqa xizmatlar markazlari, shuningdek, Sumner, va hokazo.

Franklin, general -mayor Jorj B. Makkellanning yozishicha, 1862 yil noyabrda Potomac -da yozilgan ma'lumotlarga qaraganda, bu erda ham, Fredericksburg ham bor -kalta do'kon bo'linuvchisi - Chap Grand Divizion , VI eng yaxshi korpus. Tomas J. "Stonewall" Jeksonning Frederiksburg, Virjiniya shtati uchun Rappahannock-floden tizimidan ustun bo'lgan Franklin gimnastikasini boshqaradi. Xotirjamlik gunohlari ostida general -mayor Jorj G. Mead va mish -mishlarning pozitsiyasi aniqlangan. General-mayor Ambrose E. Burnside, Franklinning shaxsiy ma'lumotlariga ko'ra, o'z vazifalarini bajarishga yordam beradi. Andre, der var, ville ven uenige i, Franklin -da hans ordrer nøjagtigt. "Savdo do'koni bo'linmalari bir -biridan farq qiladimi yoki yo'qmi? Bu qanday natija beradi? Hvis Meade, Reynolds eller Hancock buyrug'iga binoan, Fredericksburgda bor. registreret en strålende sejr i stedet for forfærdelig slagtning. "

Evropa Ittifoqi siyosati Evropa Ittifoqi va Frederiksburgdan keyin, Franklin bilan bog'lanishni talab qiladi. kabalen Burnsides uslubi. Burnside for Franklin uchun siyosat vanskeligheder for Franklin tilini ochish va yozish kerak bo'lsa, u erda amerikalik kongres blandede komitetini ishga solinganidan so'ng, u ham feltarbejde va boshqa ma'lumotlarga ega. Jozef Xuker fevral oyining ikkinchi yarmida, Franklinni xafa qilishdan bosh tortdi. Gettysburg-kampagnen i ostida 1863 Franklin hjemme i York, Pensilvaniya, og hjalp maj. Granvill Haller, shuningdek, rejalashtiruvchi va rejalashtiruvchi qurilmalar bilan jihozlangan.

Trans-Missisipi teatri

Franklin, Nyu -Orlean ko'rfazi bo'limi general Nataniel P. Banklar boshchiligida. Men 1863 yil sentyabrda Sabine Pass -da, Sabine Pass -da, shlakli shkafni o'rnatdim. Operationen sluttede pludseligt, efter at den kombinerede unionshær og flådes invasionskraft på fire kanobåde og syv troppetransporter under Franklins kommando mistede to krigsskibe.

I marts – maj 1864 deltog Franklin i den ulykkelige Red River-kampagne under Banks for at besætte det østlige Texas som kommandør for XIX Corps. Den 8. april 1864 blev han såret i benet i slaget ved Mansfield i Louisiana, men blev hos tropperne. Efter slaget ved Pleasant Hill blev han erstattet af generalmajor William H. Emory, da hans tilstand blev stadig værre. I juli 1864, da han var på lægeorlov , blev han fanget af maj. Harry Gilmors konfødererede partisaner i et tog nær Washington, DC, men undslap den følgende dag. Resten af ​​hans hærskarriere var begrænset af handicap fra hans sår og blev skæmmet af hans række politiske og kommandoniske ulykker. Han var ude af stand til at tjene i flere seniorkommandoer, selv med hjælp fra sin West Point- klassekammerat, ven og fremtidige præsident, Ulysses S. Grant .


GENERAL WILLIAM BUEL FRANKLIN, USA - History


From Wikipedia:
William Buel Franklin (February 27, 1823 – March 8, 1903) was a career United States Army officer and a Union Army general in the American Civil War. He rose to the rank of a corps commander in the Army of the Potomac, fighting in several notable early battles in the Eastern Theater.

Early lifeWilliam B. Franklin was born in York, Pennsylvania. His father Walter S. Franklin was Clerk of the United States House of Representatives from 1833 until his death in 1838. One of his great-grandfathers, Samuel Rhoads, was a member of the First Continental Congress from Pennsylvania.

Future President James Buchanan, then a Senator, appointed Franklin to the United States Military Academy in June 1839. Franklin graduated first in his class in 1843, before joining the Topographical Engineers and being sent to the Rocky Mountains for two years to survey the region. He then was assigned to duty in the administrative offices in Washington, D.C. He served under Philip Kearny during the Mexican-American War and received a brevet promotion to first lieutenant in the Battle of Buena Vista.

Upon his return from Mexico, Franklin served as a professor at West Point for three years before supervising the construction of several lighthouses along the Atlantic Coast in New Hampshire and Maine. In 1852, he married Anna L. Clarke, a daughter of Matthew St. Clair Clarke who had preceded his father as Clerk of the House of Representatives. The couple had no children. In March 1857, he was named the supervisor of the Light House Board and oversaw the construction program across the nation.

In November 1859, he replaced Montgomery C. Meigs as the engineer supervising construction of the United States Capitol Dome. In March 1861, just before the outbreak of the Civil War, he was appointed as the supervising architect for the new Treasury Building in Washington.

Fuqarolar urushi
Soon after the beginning of the Civil War, Franklin was appointed colonel of the 12th U.S. Infantry, but three days later, on May 17, 1861, he was promoted to brigadier general of volunteers. He quickly rose from brigade to corps command in the Army of the Potomac and saw action in the Peninsula Campaign, the Battle of Antietam, and the Battle of Fredericksburg. He was promoted to major general on July 4, 1862.

At Antietam, his VI Corps was in reserve and he tried in vain to convince Maj. Gen. Edwin V. Sumner to allow his corps to exploit a weakened position in the Confederate center. At Fredericksburg, he commanded the "Left Grand Division" (two corps, under Maj. Gens. John F. Reynolds and William F. Smith), which failed in its assaults against the Confederate right, commanded by Lt. Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson. Army of the Potomac commander Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside blamed Franklin personally for this failure, although he appears to have executed his orders exactly.

As political intrigue swept the Union Army after Fredericksburg and the infamous Mud March, Franklin was alleged to be a principal instigator of the "cabal" against Burnside's leadership. Burnside caused considerable political difficulty for Franklin in return, offering damaging testimony before the powerful U.S. Congress Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War and keeping him from field duty for months. During the 1863 Gettysburg Campaign, Franklin was home in York, Pennsylvania, and assisted Maj. Granville Haller in developing plans for the defense of the region versus an expected enemy attack.

Franklin was reassigned to corps command in the Department of the Gulf and participated in the ill-fated 1864 Red River Campaign. He was wounded in the leg at the Battle of Mansfield in Louisiana. Returning from the field with his injury, he was captured by Maj. Harry Gilmor's Confederate partisans in a train near Washington, D.C., in July 1864, but escaped the following day. The remainder of his army career was limited by disability from his wound and marred by his series of political and command misfortunes. He was unable to serve in any more senior commands, even with the assistance of his West Point classmate, friend, and future president, Ulysses S. Grant.

Postbellum career
Following the Civil War, General Franklin relocated to Hartford, Connecticut, and became the general manager of the Colt Firearms Manufacturing Company until 1888, as well as a director on the boards of several manufacturing concerns. He supervised the construction of the Connecticut State Capitol Building, and served on various boards and commissions, where his engineering experience proved helpful in expanding Hartford's public water service.

In 1872, Franklin was approached by a Pennsylvania and New Jersey faction of the Democratic Party to run against Horace Greeley for the party's nomination as President of the United States, a task he declined, citing a need for party unity. He was vice president of a Hartford area insurance company, and a delegate to the 1876 Democratic National Convention. In June 1888, after his retirement from Colt Firearms, he was named as the U.S. Commissioner-General for the Paris Exposition of 1889.

William Franklin died in Hartford, Connecticut, and is buried near his birthplace in York, Pennsylvania, in Prospect Hill Cemetery. The York Country Heritage Trust preserves many of his papers and personal effects from the Civil War.


William Buel Franklin, an American soldier, born in York, Penn., Feb. 27,1823. He graduated first in his class at West Point in 1843, and was stationed on the survey of the northern lakes. In the summer of 1845 he accompanied an expedition to the South pass of the Rocky mountains under command of Brig. Gen. Kearny, and in the following year was engaged in the survey of Ossabaw sound, Georgia. He served on the staff of Gen. Taylor at the battle of Buena Vista, and was brevetted first lieutenant for his part in it. In June, 1848, he was ordered to West Point as assistant professor of natural and experimental philosophy and in February, 1852, he was appointed professor of natural and experimental philosophy and civil engineering at the New York city free academy. During the next eight years he was continually employed as consulting engineer and inspector on various public works, particularly harbors and lighthouses, having been engineer secretary of the lighthouse board, and superintendent of the capitol extension and other government buildings at Washington. On May 14, 1861, he was appointed colonel of the 12th (new) regiment of infantry, and in July was assigned a brigade in Heintzelman's division of the army of N. E. Virginia. At the battle of Bull Run he was in the hottest of the fight," according to the official report of Gen. McDowell. In August he received the commission of brigadier general of volunteers, to date from May 17, 1861. In September he was appointed to the command of a division in the army of the Potomac. Sent to reenforce Gen. McClellan after the evacuation of Yorktown, he transported his division by water to West Point on York river, and repulsed the enemy under Gens. Whiting and G. W. Smith, who attempted to prevent his landing, May 7, 1862. On the 15th he was appointed to the command of the 6th provisional army corps.

During the movement to the James river, which began June 27, he was charged with covering the retreat, and repulsed the enemy on the right bank of the Chickahominy, June 27 and 28, and again in conjunction with the corps of Gen. Sumner at Savage's Station, June 29. He commanded at the battle of White Oak swamp bridge on the 30th, and the next day joined the main body of the army on the banks of the James. He was promoted to the rank of major general of volunteers July 4, and brevet brigadier general in the regular army, June 30. In the battle of South mountain, Sept. 14, he distinguished himself by storming Crampton's gap. He was in the battle of Antietam, Sept. 17, and in November was placed in command of the left grand division of the army of the Potomac, including the 1st and 6th corps, which he commanded in the battle of Fredericksburg, Dec. 13. The next year he was transferred to the department of the gulf, commanded the expedition to Sabine pass, September, 1863, and was second in command in Banks's Red river expedition, April, 1864, being wounded in the battle of Sabine cross roads.

He was brevetted major general in the United States army March 13, 1865, and resigned March 15,1866. He is now (1874) vice president and general agent of the Colt firearms manufacturing company, at Hartford, Conn., and consulting engineer of the commission for the erection of a new state house.


Civil War Collections

York County and Adams County Civil War Veterans

In 1860, York County’s population was over 68,000, with York Borough having over 8,600 residents. Estimates vary, but over 6,200 York County residents served during the Civil War. Following the war, many did not return to York County due to death or relocation.

Almost two decades ago, author Dennis W. Brandt began his research and compiled a database of York and Adams County residents who served in the Civil War. This database reflects material found in the York County History Center’s Library & Archives, the National Archives in Washington, DC, the Army War College in Carlisle, PA, and private collections. Gleaning data from letters, military records, including pension files, diaries, cemetery inscriptions and other source material, he has accumulated data on nearly 11,000 Civil War soldiers, mostly, but not exclusively, from York and Adams Counties. Also included are soldiers from adjacent counties and a small sampling from other Pennsylvania regions, Maryland, and nine other states.

No database of this size and complexity can contain perfect data, and Brandt doesn’t suggest it does, as the occasional “?” in the database indicates. Anyone who has additional data on a soldier in the database, or who has information about a York or Adams County soldier that is missing from the database, is cordially invited to contact the York County History Center and add their information to the database. We are interested in any soldier, white or African American who was from York or Adams County, enlisted in either county, served with a regiment from either county, or who may have lived in either location after the war. We are also interested in women who may have regularly traveled with their husbands or sons during the War.

The link above titled “US Colored Troops of York County” is another database featuring information on over 200 black Civil War veterans’ records for York County. This data was compiled by the York County History Center and local historian Rebecca Anstine from census and pension records, and photocopies of many of these soldiers’ records are housed in the archives at the History Center.

Pennsylvania Civil War Civilian Damage Claims

(Pennsylvania Border Claims)

Following the Civil War, Pennsylvania residents who lost horses or material goods could file border claims with the state government for damages rendered by the Confederate Army or the state militia. Allowable claims did not include livestock or poultry, and any damages caused by the Union Army of the Potomac had to be filed with the Federal government.

A database of these claims, compiled by historian Scott L. Mingus Sr., includes both state and federal claims, where available and still legible. Mingus, an executive at P.H. Glatfelter, is a sanctioned Civil War tour guide for the York County History Center and the author of seven books on the war, plus several others on the hobby of miniature wargaming. He maintains a popular blog on York County Civil War history, Cannonba!!.

General William B. Franklin Collection

General William B. Franklin was born in York on February 27, 1823, the oldest son of Walter S. Franklin, a Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives, and Sarah Buel Franklin. Franklin attended West Point and was appointed the commander of the Sixth Corps of the Army of the Potomac during the Civil War. In November 1862, the Union was defeated at the Battle of Fredericksburg, and Franklin became a central figure in the ensuing political battle over the direction and leadership of the War. Franklin returned to York briefly before being re-assigned to the Department of the Gulf. While in York, he launched a fierce, life-long campaign to defend his reputation. Following the War, Franklin moved to Hartford, Connecticut, where he became the Vice President of the Colt Firearms Manufacturing Company. Franklin was a prominent civic leader, serving as the President of the Board of Managers of the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers from 1880 to 1899. Upon his death in 1903, Franklin returned to York for the last time and was buried at Prospect Hill Cemetery.

The General William B. Franklin Collection contains many letters written by or to Franklin throughout his life, as well as many of his diaries, journals, military records, letters and dispatches written during the Civil War. Additionally, the collection contains many of Franklin’s personal papers from the post-War years, including items related to Franklin’s civic activities. The collection is a valuable source of information for researchers interested in the Civil War, the Battle of Fredericksburg, and the politics surrounding that battle.


Videoni tomosha qiling: 37-dars: Benjamin Franklin elektrik bolganmi?


Izohlar:

  1. Derward

    Shunchaki kopeck!

  2. Rasheed

    Men siz bilan bu haqda gaplashmoqchi edim.

  3. Farren

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  4. Darry

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